Environment Pollution Analysis on Smart Cities Using Wireless Sensor Networks
Keywords:Air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, smart city, environment monitoring system, cloud, wireless sensor network
One of the numerous independent sensing devices in this sector, WSNs can monitor physical and environmental parameters and thousands of applications in other disciplines. A large environmental change has numerous harmful repercussions on human beings, such as air pollution. Using a cloud that communicates through wireless sensor networks (WSNs), environmental factors such as pollution can be monitored with greater precision. If cities are considered smart, they will have to address air pollution, a significant environmental problem in cities. It negatively impacts human health, discouraging individuals from relocating to cities, resulting in a lack of economic development. This means that WSN nodes could monitor the pollution levels in and around the city and along major thoroughfares. In this paper, wireless sensor network-based environmental pollution analysis (WSN-EPA) has been suggested to reduce air pollution in a smart city. WSN nodes have been installed to continuously monitor the city’s air quality levels and the movement of public transit vehicles. Passenger vehicles and public transit buses return to their original locations after passing through stationary nodes across the city with data on air pollution particles, such as gases, smoke, and other pollutants, collected by sensors onboard. Nodes on public transportation, buildings, and automobiles wirelessly gather data from stationary nodes. Once the nodes returned to the pollution monitoring system, the data would be processed. The findings show that the suggested system is a visually effective environmental monitoring system.
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