En Route for the Accomplishment of SDG-7 in South Asian Countries: A Retrospective Study


  • Vikrant Katekar Department of Mechanical Engineering, S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management and Research, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Sandip S. Deshmukh Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hyderabad Campus, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad, India




Cooking fuel, energy accessibility, fossil fuel, regional trade, South Asian countries, sustainable development goals.


With one-fifth of the world’s population, South Asian nations are home to 37 percent of the world’s poor and 50 percent of the world’s hungry children. This region experiences enormous development and infrastructure challenges. The paper investigates the progress of South Asian countries on Sustainable Development Goal-7, which is associated with access to modern energy to all. The present research also highlights significant issues and challenges behind the slow progress of South Asian countries on SDG-7. This study indicates that Bhutan and India are top-performing countries; however, Pakistan and Afghanistan are lower-performing countries on SDG-7 among all other South Asian countries. It has also been observed that South Asian countries have a narrow focus on renewable energy. South Asian nations will address their energy shortages issue and save a lot of money by using renewable energy instead of importing hydrocarbons. South Asian nations must diversify their main energy consumption patterns to achieve SDG-7. They may address their energy concerns at the policy, economic, technological, and information levels and boost cross-border energy commerce.


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Author Biographies

Vikrant Katekar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management and Research, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Vikrant Katekar is an Assistant Professor at the S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management and Research in Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. He is pursuing his doctoral research from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. He researches solar energy collection and applications, solar distillation, energy conversion, and essential oil extraction utilising renewable energies.

Sandip S. Deshmukh , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hyderabad Campus, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Hyderabad, India

Sandip S. Deshmukh is now working at Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad Campus, as a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Associate Dean of Student Welfare. He has almost 25 years of expertise in teaching, research, and administration. From 2008 to 2012, Dr. Deshmukh worked as a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the University of Surrey in Guildford, UK. He has written over a hundred articles for prestigious international journals and conference proceedings. He is also the author of two books that Lambert Academic Publishing has published in Germany. He has completed a total of nine financed projects for the governments of India and the United Kingdom. Dr. Deshmukh received a Galileo Master Certificate from The European Energy Centre in March 2012. He is a lifetime member of the European Energy Centre and the Indian Solar Energy Society.


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How to Cite

Katekar, V. ., & Deshmukh , S. S. . (2023). En Route for the Accomplishment of SDG-7 in South Asian Countries: A Retrospective Study . Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, 40(3), 195–230. https://doi.org/10.13052/spee1048-4236.4031