The Electronically Steerable Parasitic Patches for Dual-Polarization Reconfigurable Antenna Using Varactors

Authors

  • Yajie Mu Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Jiaqi Han Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Dexiao Xia Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Xiangjin Ma Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Haixia Liu Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
  • Long Li Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/2022.ACES.J.370107

Keywords:

Dual-polarized antenna, reconfigurable pattern antenna, parasitic patch, varactor

Abstract

This paper presents a dual-polarized reconfigurable antenna loading electronically steerable parasitic patches. The proposed dual-polarized antenna is surrounded by four parasitic patches each of which is mounted by two varactor diodes on the ground. By tuning the varactors, continuous two-dimensional beam-steering can be achieved for each of the polarization. A prototype of the proposed antenna is fabricated and measured. Excellent agreement between the simulated and measured results is observed. It is observed that the maximum beam-scanning angles in E-plane and H-plane are greater than ±25∘, which is suitable for 5G base station applications.

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Author Biographies

Yajie Mu, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Yajie Mu was born in Gansu, China, in 1997. She received the B.E. and M.S. degrees in electromagnetic fields and microwave technology from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 2018 and 2021, respectively.

Her current research interests include antenna decoupling, pattern reconfigurable antenna, and large angle scanning array.

Jiaqi Han, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Jiaqi Han was born in Henan, China, in 1991. He received the B.E. degree in electronic and information engineering from Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, China, in 2014, and the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic fields and microwave technology from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 2019.

He is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow with the School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University. His research interests include the design of programmable metasurfaces and their applications on wireless power transfer and computational imaging.

Dexiao Xia, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Dexiao Xia was born in Jiangxi, China, in 1998. He received the B.E. degree in electronic and information engineering in 2019. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic fields and microwave technology with Xidian University, Xi’an, China, since 2021.

His current research interests include pattern reconfigurable antenna, metasurface antenna decoupling, and array antenna optimization.

Xiangjin Ma, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Xiangjin Ma was born in Anhui, China, in 1998. He received the B.E. degree in communication engineering from the Nanchang Institute of Technology, Nanchang, China, in 2019. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic field and microwave technology with Xidian University, Xi’an, China.

His current research interests include analysis and application of programmable metasurfaces, design of high-performance programmable metasurfaces, and microwave holographic imaging.

Haixia Liu, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Haixia Liu Haixia Liu received the B.S. and M.S. degrees in test and measurement technique and instrumentation and the Ph.D. degree in electromagnetic fields and microwave technology from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 1998, 2001, and 2014, respectively.

She studied at Shizuoka University, Shizuoka, Japan, as a cooperative graduate in 2001. Since 2002, she has been working with Xidian University. His research interests include circuit analysis, frequency measurement and control, wireless power transfer, antennas, and electromagnetic compatibility.

Long Li, Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Long Li Long Li received the B.E. and Ph.D. degrees in electromagnetic fields and microwave technology from Xidian University, Xi’an, China, in 1998 and 2005, respectively.

He was a Senior Research Associate with the Wireless Communications Research Center, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, in 2006. He received the Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS) Postdoctoral Fellowship and visited Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, as a JSPS Fellow from 2006 to 2008. He was a Senior Visiting Scholar with the Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA, in 2014. He is currently a Professor with the School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University. He is the Director of Key Laboratory of High-Speed Circuit Design and EMC, Ministry of Education, China, and the Dean of Hai-Tang No.9 Academy of Xidian University. His research interests include metamaterials/metasurfaces, antennas and microwave devices, field-circuit collaborative design and EMC, wireless power transfer and harvesting technology, and OAM vortex waves. He has authored or coauthored more than 120 papers in journals and held more than 20 patents.

Dr. Li received Nomination Award of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of China in 2007. He won the Best Paper Award in the International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation in 2008. He received the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of the Ministry of Education of China in 2010. He won the First Prize of Awards for Scientific Research Results offered by Shaanxi Provincial Department of Education, China, in 2013. He received the IEEE APS Raj Mittra Travel Grant Senior Researcher Award in 2015. He received Shaanxi Youth Science and Technology Award in 2016, and Distinguished Young Scholars Foundation of Shaanxi Province of China, in 2019. He was awarded a Chang-Jiang Distinguished Scholar by the Ministry of Education, China, in 2021. He is the Vice-President of MTT-Chapter in IEEE Xi’an Section. He is a TPC Co-Chair of APCAP2017 and a General Co-Chair of AWPT2019. He serves as an Associate Editor for ACES Journal and Guest Editor for IEEE J-ERM Special Issue.

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Published

2022-05-04

How to Cite

Mu, Y., Han, J., Xia, D., Ma, X., Liu, H., & Li, L. . (2022). The Electronically Steerable Parasitic Patches for Dual-Polarization Reconfigurable Antenna Using Varactors. The Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), 37(1), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.13052/2022.ACES.J.370107