Design of Cylindrical Conformal Array Antenna based on Microstrip Patch Unit

Authors

  • Tianming Bai Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China
  • Di Jiang Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China
  • Sha Luo Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China
  • Kai Zhu Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

Keywords:

Array antenna, conformal, microstrip patch

Abstract

Based on microstrip patch antenna, a cylindrical conformal 8×8 array antenna is designed, which uses a T-shaped power divider to realize 64 feed channels. The simulation results show that the peak gain of planar array antenna can reach 24.8dB, while the peak gain of cylindrical conformal antenna decreases by 1.2dB and 1.7dB in phi=0° and phi=90° respectively. And the main beam direction deflects by 0° and 4° respectively. The measurement results show that the performance of the processed object is close to the simulation. After conformal with cylinder, the peak gain is 23.5dB, and the beam deflection is 4°, which verifies the feasibility of the designed cylindrical conformal array antenna.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Tianming Bai, Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

Tianming Bai Graduate student of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Main research direction is conformal antenna, reflection array antenna, phased array antenna, etc.

Di Jiang, Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

Di Jiang Associate Professor and Doctoral Advisor of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Mainly engaged in broadband reconfigurable microwave devices, array antennas and other research.

Sha Luo, Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

Sha Luo Graduate student of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. I love learning new knowledge, like to contact new things, willing to communicate with people, have a sense of responsibility. In the graduate stage, I studied in the direction of RF and microwave. My main research topics are reconfigurable antenna and passive components. Designed passive phased array antenna, holographic antenna, phase shifter, filter power divider, microstrip log periodic antenna, waveguide slot antenna, etc.

Kai Zhu, Information and Communication Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

Kai Zhu Graduate student of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Main research direction is terahertz array antenna, reflection array antenna, liquid crystal phase shifter, etc.

References

Z. Hao, X. Liu, X. Huo, and K. Fan, “Planar highgain circularly polarized element antenna for array applications,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 1937-1948, May 2015.

A. Pal, A. Mehta, R. Lewis, and N. Clow, “A wide-band wide-angle scanning phased array with pattern reconfigurable square loop antennas,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), pp. 1-4, Apr. 2015.

P. Sanchez-Olivares, R. V. Haro-Baez, P. P. Sanchez-Dancausa, J. L. Masa-Campos, and J. A. Ruiz-Cruz, “Conformal array antenna fed by radialwaveguide divider for omnidirectional coverage at Ku band,” 2016 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Davos, pp. 1- 5, Apr. 2016.

Y. Xia, B. Muneer, and Q. Zhu, “Design of a full solid angle scanning cylindrical-and-conical phased array antennas,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 4645-4655, Sept. 2017.

M. G. M. Hussain, “Cylindrical array beamforming based on ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE International Radar Conference, pp. 618-622, May 2005.

J.-J. Peng, S.-W. Qu, M. Xia, and S. Yang, “Widescanning conformal phased array antenna for UAV radar based on polyimide gilm,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1581-1585, Sept. 2020.

H. Zhu, X. Liang, S. Ye, R. Jin, and J. Geng, “A cylindrically conformal array with enhanced axial radiation,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, pp. 1653-1656, Jan. 2016.

S. Ogurtsov and S. Koziel, “A conformal circularly polarized series-fed microstrip antenna array design,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 873-881, Feb. 2020.

S. Mohammadi, A. Ghani, and S. H. Sedighy, “Direction-of-arrival estimation in conformal microstrip patch array antenna,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 511-515, Jan. 2018.

P.-Y. Qin, L.-Z. Song, and Y. J. Guo, “Beam steering conformal transmitarray employing ultra-thin triple-layer slot elements,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 5390-5398, Aug. 2019.

Y. Liu, H. Yang, Z. Jin, F. Zhao, and J. Zhu, “A multibeam cylindrically conformal slot array antenna based on a modified Rotman lens,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 3441-3452, July 2018.

J.-J. Peng, S.-W. Qu, M. Xia, and S. Yang, “Widescanning conformal phased array antenna for UAV radar based on polyimide film,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1581-1585, Sept. 2020.

S. F. Jilani, M. O. Munoz, Q. H. Abbasi, and A. Alomainy, “Millimeter-wave liquid crystal polymer based conformal antenna array for 5G applications,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 84-88, Jan. 2019.

W. T. Li, Y. Q. Hei, P. M. Grubb, X. Shi, and R. T. Chen, “Inkjet printing of wideband stacked microstrip patch array antenna on ultrathin flexible substrates,” in IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1695-1701, Sept. 2018.

A. T. Castro and S. K. Sharma, “Inkjet-printed wideband circularly polarized microstrip patch array antenna on a PET film flexible substrate material,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 176-179, Jan. 2018.

B. D. Braaten, S. Roy, I. Irfanullah, S. Nariyal, and D. E. Anagnostou, “Phase-compensated conformal antennas for changing spherical surfaces,” in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 1880-1887, Apr. 2014.

X. Dai, T. Zhou, and G. Cui, “Dual-band microstrip circular patch antenna with monopolar radiation pattern,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, pp. 1004-1007, Oct. 2016.

Y. Cao, Y. Cai, W. Cao, B. Xi, Z. Qian, T. Wu, and L. Zhu, “Broadband and high-gain microstrip patch antenna loaded with parasitic mushroomtype structure,” in IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1405-1409, July 2019.

M. H. Ullah, M. T. Islam, and J. S. Mandeep, “Printed prototype of a wideband S shape microstrip patch antenna for Ku/K band applications,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 307-313, Apr. 2013.

Z. Hamzavi-Zarghani and Z. Atlasbaf, “A singlelayer multi-band reflectarray antenna in X/Ku/Kbands,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, vol. 31, no. 5, pp.555-561, May 2016.

M. M. Islam, R. I. Faruque, R. Azim, M. T. Islam, and T. Alam, “Design of a Ku-band patch antenna with enhanced bandwidth,” Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics, pp.89- 94, Mar. 2014.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-21

How to Cite

Bai, T. ., Jiang, D. ., Luo, S. ., & Zhu, K. . (2021). Design of Cylindrical Conformal Array Antenna based on Microstrip Patch Unit. The Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), 36(08), 1008–1014. Retrieved from https://journals.riverpublishers.com/index.php/ACES/article/view/11763

Issue

Section

Articles