Isolation Improvement between Closely-Spaced Antennas Using EBG
Keywords:EBG structure, MIMO, mutual coupling, PIFA
Isolation improvement between two closely spaced antennas using a single column EBG is proposed for compact wireless devices. The proposed design developed for the 2.4 GHz WLAN band achieves more than 17 dB isolation improvement between two planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs) compared to the no-EBG case. As a result, improved MIMO capacity is also achieved. The proposed design can be scaled up or down in frequency and may be implemented for small devices such as, smart watches, Wi-Fi routers, internet of things (IoT) devices etc.
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