Microwave Non-Destructive Testing Technique for Material Characterization of Concrete Structures via Electromagnetic Waves with FDTD


  • Ummu Sahin Sener Department of Mathematical Engineering Yıldız Technical University Istanbul, Turkey
  • Sebahattin Eker Informatics Institute Istanbul Technical University Istanbul, Turkey


cement-based samples, finite-difference timedomain simulation, layered media, perfectly matched layer, rebar


Concrete is a nonhomogeneous medium that contains coarse aggregate, sand (fine aggregate), cement powder, water and porosity. Microwave non-destructive testing (NDT) technique is used to simulate three layered media that contains air gap, coarse aggregate and a two layered media that contain rebar and void is modeled as closest to the reality. Interaction of electromagnetic wave and the concrete pile is utilized for numerical simulation. A Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) method with Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) Absorbing Boundary Condition (ABC) is proposed to simulate electromagnetic wave propagation in FRP tube and composite pile. 2D simulation of a wave generated from a point source at microwave frequencies is obtained by using MATLAB®.


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