Modelling Approach to Predict the RFID Read Rates on a Complex Set of Materials


  • Renuka Nalinggam Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, Southern University College Jalan Selatan Utama, Off Jalan Skudai, 81300 Skudai, Johor
  • Widad Ismail Auto ID Laboratory, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia


Relative permittivity, RFID modelling, RFID on complex materials, RFID read rate prediction


This research provides a platform to prove the potential of radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology for use in hypermarket payment systems. A 2.54 GHz ZigBee-based embedded passive and active RFID (EPARFID) system was developed to obtain experimental data and subsequently analyze passive RFID characteristics. A read rate prediction model based on materials permittivity value is proposed. Combining experimental data with analytical electromagnetic models improved the extrapolation of RFID read rates in a given environment. The modelling approach is a step toward the development of a robust methodology to predict RFID read rates on a complex set of materials. Results obtained from the proposed prediction modelling of read rates based on the Friis free space equation by quantifying uncertainties provide new insights into the nature of tag read rates.


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How to Cite

Renuka Nalinggam, & Widad Ismail. (2019). Modelling Approach to Predict the RFID Read Rates on a Complex Set of Materials. The Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), 34(08), 1182–1189. Retrieved from