Orthogonally Integrated Hybrid Antenna for Intelligent Transportation Systems

Authors

  • Syedakbar Syedyusuff Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering K Ramakrishnan College of Technology, Trichy, Tamil Nadu 621 112, India
  • Ramesh Subramaniam Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu 603 203, India
  • Ramya Vijay RFCoE Lab, School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 613401, India

Keywords:

C-V2X, defective ground, DGS, ECC, hybrid antenna, vehicular communication

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to design an orthogonally integrated hybrid antenna to address 5G/Wi-Fi/C-V2X communication simultaneously in one device. The proposed antenna consists of three planar monopoles and a defected ground plane with a dimension of 55x30x1.2mm3. High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) is employed to design the proposed antenna, which resonates at three distinct frequencies 2.45 GHz (Wi-Fi), 3.5 GHz (5G), and 5.9 GHz. Further, the prototype antenna is fabricated and experimentally validated in comparing with simulation results. The excellent agreement among the simulation and measured results shows that the designed antenna operates simultaneously at 5G/Wi-Fi/C-V2X frequency bands and the isolation effects between the elements is less than 15dB.

Author Biographies

Syedakbar Syedyusuff, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering K Ramakrishnan College of Technology, Trichy, Tamil Nadu 621 112, India

Syedakbar Syedyusuff received his bachelor degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering in the year 2009 at Mohamed Sathak Engineering College, Kilakarai, Master of Engineering in Optical Communication in the year 2011 at ACCET, Karaikudi. He is currently working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, K. Ramakrishnan College of Technology, Tiruchirappalli since 2011. He is a member of ACES, IEEE APS, Life member in ISTE, SEMCE, BES. His research interest include Antenna, RF filters, Optical Communication.

Ramesh Subramaniam, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu 603 203, India

Ramesh Subramanian received his B.E. in Electronics and Communication Engineering from University of Madras, M.Tech in Communication Engineering from VIT University, Vellore and received his Ph.D. degree on from SRM University, Chennai, in 2001, 2004 & 2015 respectively. He is currently, working as an Associate Professor in the Department of ECE, SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Chennai with experience of 16 years. He is a senior member of IEEE APS, Life member in IETE, ISTE, SEMCE, BES. He authored papers in reputed journals. His area of interest includes Antennas & Propagation and Wireless Communications. He is guiding research scholars in the field of antennas & RF Filter under Anna University, Chennai.

Ramya Vijay, RFCoE Lab, School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 613401, India

Ramya Vijay is an Assistant Professor of Electronics and Communication Engineering at SASTRA University, India, and has research passion on Radio Communications. She received her Ph.D. degree at SRM University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Her Ph.D. work is on design of Active Integrated Antennas for Vehicular Wireless Communications. She received best paper award in Antennas and RF Communications session of 30th GISFI Standardization Series Meeting and IEEE 5G meet. She is a member of IEEE, IET, BES, IETE and SDIWC. So far she has authored 7 papers in reputed SCI journals and 10 in various conferences. Her research interest include Antennas & its Applications, Broadband & Mobile Cellular Telecommunications.

References

G. Dimitrakopoulos and P. Demestichas, “Intelligent transportation systems,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 77- 84, 2010.

T. Fujimoto and Tanaka, “An L-probe fed stacked rectangular micro-strip antenna combined with a ring antenna for triple band operation,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 37, pp. 1-13, 2013.

T. Fujimoto and R. Nakanishi, “Stacked rectangular micro-strip antenna for triple band (GPS/VICS/ ETC) operation,” Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (AP-S URSI), Spokane, Washington, 2011.

F. Ez-Zaki, H. Belahrach, and A. Ghammaz, “Broadband micro-strip antennas with cantor set fractal slots for vehicular communications,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 295-308, 2020.

O.-Y. Kwon, R. Song, and B.-S. Kim, “A fully integrated shark-fin antenna for MIMO-LTE, GPS, WLAN and WAVE applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 600-603, 2018.

B. M. G. N. Alsath, H. Arun, Y. P. Selvam, M. Kanagasabai, S. Kingsly, S. Subbaraj, R. Sivasamy, S. K. Palaniswamy, and R. Natarajan, “An integrated tri-band/UWB polarization diversity antenna for vehicular networks,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 67, no. 7, pp. 5613-5620, 2018.

S. Pahadsingh and S. Sahu, “Four port MIMO integrated antenna system with DRA for cognitive radio platforms,” AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 92, pp. 98- 110, 2018.

W. Lee, Y. K. Hong, J. J. Lee, J. Park, and W. M. Seong, “Omnidirectional low-profile multiband antenna for vehicular telecommunication,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 51, pp. 3-59, 2015.

E. Irci, K. Sertel, and J. L.Volakis, “Miniature printed magnetic photonic crystal antennas embedded into vehicular platforms,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), vol. 26, pp. 109-115, 2011.

S. Bandi, D. K. Nayak, B. T. P. Madhav, and A. Tirunagari, “Transparent circular monopole antenna for automotive communication,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), vol. 34, pp. 704-709, 2019.

F. M. A. Haj-Ahmed and M. K. Abedel Azeez, “Design of a multi-band loop antenna for wireless communications: Simulation and analysis,” Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 67-73, 2011.

K. Yu, Y. Li, and X. Liu, “Mutual coupling reduction of a MIMO antenna array using 3-D novel meta-material structures,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), vol. 33, pp. 758-763, 2018.

M. Assa raj and S. Ramesh, “UWB MIMO antenna for interference reduction in wireless communications,” International Journal of Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, vol. 76, pp. 107-122, 2017.

H. Xu, H. Wang, S. Gao, H. Zhou, Q. Xu, and Y. Cheng, “A compact and low-profile loop antenna with six resonant modes for LTE smart phone,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 3743-3751, 2016.

W. Wang, Z. Zhao, Q. Sun, X. Liao, Z. Fang, K. Y. See, and Y. Zheng, “Compact quad element vertically-polarized high isolation wideband MIMO antenna for vehicular Base station,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 10000-10008, 2020.

M.-T. Wu and M.-L. Chuang, “Multi broadband slotted bow-tie monopole antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagation Letter, vol. 14, pp. 887-890, 2015.

R. Vijay and T. R. Rao, “Penta-band linear tapered feed planar spiral antenna for vehicular communications,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 9, pp. 1523- 1532, 2017.

M. G. N. Alsath and M. Kanagasabai, “A sharedaperture multiservice antenna for automotive communications,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagation Letter, vol. 13, pp. 1417-1420, 2014.

S. Singhal, “Feather-shaped super wideband MIMO antenna,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 94-102, 2020.

H. Li, J. Xiong, and S. He, “A compact planar MIMO antenna system of four elements with similar radiation characteristics and isolation structure,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 8, pp. 1107-1110, 2009.

K. Wei, Z. Zhang, and Z. Feng, “Design of a coplanar integrated micro strip antenna for GPS/ITS applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 10, pp. 458- 461, 2011.

Z. Ma, B. Ai, R. He, G. Wang, Y. Niu, M. Yang, J. Wang, Y. Li, and Z. Zhong, “Impact of UAV rotation on MIMO channel characterization for air-to-ground communication systems,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 12418-12431, 2020.

A. Kunwara, A. K. Gautamb and K. Rambabu, “Design of a compact U-shaped slot triple band antenna for WLAN/WiMAX applications,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 71, pp. 82-88, 2017.

B. E. Abishek, A. Raaza, S. Ramesh, S. Jerritta, and V. Rajendran, “Circularly polarized circular slit planar antenna for vehicular satellite applications,” Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal (ACES), vol. 34, pp. 1340-1345, 2019.

J. Kowalewski, J. Eisenbeis, M. Tingulstad, Z. Kollar, and T. Zwick, “Design method for capacity enhancement of pattern-reconfigurable MIMO vehicular antennas,” IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2557-2561, 2019.

J. Huang, C.-X. Wang, H. Chang, J. Sun, and X. Gao, “Multi-frequency multi-scenario millimeter wave MIMO channel measurements and modeling for B5G wireless communication systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communication, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 2010-2025, 2020.

I. Gnanaharan and R. Anbazhagan, “Review on isolation techniques in MIMO antenna systems,” Advanced Electromagnetics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 46- 70, 2018.

J. Xu, B. Lan, J. Zhang, C. Guo, and J. Ding, “A novel dual-band dual-polarized shared-aperture antenna with high isolation,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 652-659, 2020.

Downloads

Published

2021-07-16

Issue

Section

Articles