Design and Implementation of Dual Band Microstrip Patch Antenna for WLAN Energy Harvesting System
Keywords:Dual-band, impedance matching, microstrip patch antenna, RF energy harvesting and voltage rectifier
Since the demand for self-sustained wireless systems is increasing, there is a trend towards RF energy harvesting. It is a key solution to energize the low power systems such as the Internet of Things (IoT) devices without replacing the batteries periodically. This paper presents the design and analysis of RF energy harvesting system that consists of dual-band microstrip patch antenna operating at 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz, an impedance matching network, 4-stage voltage doubler and a storing circuit. The antenna is designed using ADS Agilent and sonnet suites software that provides a directivity of 5.5 dBi and 6.3 dBi at 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz respectively. The measured results of the fabricated antenna are well agreement with the simulated results. Simulated results show that for an input received power of 10 mW, the proposed system can provide 4.5 mW power at the output of 4-stage voltage rectifier with an overall efficiency of 45%.
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