Computational Design of Optical Couplers for Bended Nanowire Transmission Lines
Keywords:Genetic algorithms, multilevel fast multipole algorithm, nanowires, optical couplers, surface integral equations
We present computational analysis, optimization, and design of optical couplers that can be useful to improve the transmission along bended nanowires. After demonstrating the deteriorated energy transmission due to sharp bends, which lead to out-ofphase nanowires and diffraction, we use a rigorous simulation environment to design efficient couplers made of spherical particles. For this purpose, an optimization module based on genetic algorithms is combined with the multilevel fast multipole algorithm, leading to a full-wave environment for precise designs of couplers. Numerical examples involving silver nanowires are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the optimization mechanism.
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