Bionic Mechanical Analysis of Dragonfly Wings: The Feasibility of Mesh Combination to Improve Structural Stiffness


  • Yangyang Wei Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Huidi Guo Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Siyi Zhang Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Jingyuan Li Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Yihan Wang College of Urban Construction, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Chajuan Liu Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China



dragonfly wing, vein mesh, stiffness, finite element simulation, mesh structure


The nodes of the object will show different degrees of deformation and displacement or even damage over time. The mesh structure is flexible and different mesh shapes and arrangements will affect the structural stiffness of the object. The unique structure of dragonfly wing veins allows the dragonfly to withstand pressures several times higher than itself and to fly freely. This study is based on dragonfly wing bionics to disassemble the structure of dragonfly wing vein geometry. And it aims to investigate the deflection under different geometries and three-dimensional spatial structures by using the drawing software Auto CAD to draw dragonfly sample graphics, the finite element software Hyper mesh to build the model and the solver OptiStruct to analyze the structure of wrinkling, arching deflection, z-direction maximum displacement, y-direction maximum rotation angle, combined displacement test under the different loads. The results show that: (1) The dragonfly wing vein mesh structure can enhance the stiffness under load. (2) In contrast, the displacement deformation of quadrilateral and combined hexagonal is smaller. (3) The structural stiffness of quadrilateral hexagon is enhanced as the height of wrinkling and arching increases. (4) The improvement of grid deflection with membrane structure is better than that without membrane structure. According to the above experimental results, the quadrilateral wrinkling and hexagonal arching structure has a significant improvement on the load bearing and deflection of the mesh, and has the potential to make structural optimization of the mesh series products, which is suitable for practical application and promotion.


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Author Biographies

Yangyang Wei, Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Yangyang Wei, 2012–2014, he received his Master’s degree in Industrial Engineering from Nanchang University. 2018 to 2021, he received his PhD in Data Science from the City University of Macau. In September 2021, he took up a position at the School of Architecture and Design at Nanchang University. His research interests include the areas of digital media technology, engineering education, computer-aided design, and architectural technology.

Huidi Guo, Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Huidi Guo, is currently a student at the School of Architecture and Design, Nanchang University. Her main research areas include graphic image processing, digital media technology, data visualisation design, information visualisation design, digital modelling and digital simulation.

Siyi Zhang, Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Siyi Zhang, is currently a master’s student in Architecture at the School of Architecture and Design, Nanchang University. His main research areas include modern architectural design, sustainable architecture, building physical environment simulation (fluid dynamics direction) and architectural heritage conservation.

Jingyuan Li, Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Jingyuan Li, is currently a Master’s student in Industrial Design Engineering at the School of Architecture and Design, Nanchang University. Her main research areas include industrial product design, sustainable product design, green material design, computer-aided design, and computer 3D modelling and analysis.

Yihan Wang, College of Urban Construction, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330031, China

Yihan Wang, received her Master’s degree in Industrial Design and Engineering from Nanchang University in 2013. From 2018 to 2022, she received her PhD in Urban Planning and Design from the City University of Macau. She is currently working in the Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University. Her main research areas include intelligent engineering, urban planning, modern engineering education, and green architecture.

Chajuan Liu , Architecture and Design College, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Chajuan Liu, is currently studying for a master’s degree in the School of Architecture and Design, Nanchang University. Her research interests include structural mechanics, environmental design, urban planning and sustainable development.


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How to Cite

Wei, Y. ., Guo, H. ., Zhang, S. ., Li, J. ., Wang, Y. ., & Liu , C. . (2023). Bionic Mechanical Analysis of Dragonfly Wings: The Feasibility of Mesh Combination to Improve Structural Stiffness. European Journal of Computational Mechanics, 31(04), 459–504.



Data-Driven Modeling and Simulation – Theory, Methods & Applications