Structural Changes of Circularly Defected Monolayer Circular Graphene Nanosheets Upon Mechanical Vibrations

Authors

  • M. Farzannasab Modal Analysis (MA) Research Laboratory, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9870-1072
  • M. M. Khatibi Modal Analysis (MA) Research Laboratory, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9664-7890
  • S. Sadeghzadeh Smart Micro/Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems Lab (MNEMS), School of New Technologies, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5710-2556

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/ejcm2642-2085.29232

Keywords:

Molecular dynamics, circular single-layer graphene sheet, free vibration, frequency domain decomposition, mode shape

Abstract

As the strongest and toughest material known, graphene has found numerous applications in various types of sensors. Due to the great influences of the graphene sheet’s geometry on resonance frequency, circular defects could effect on expected results of sensors. Circular holes in circular graphene sheets (CGSs) have been modeled with molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in the present work. Then the vibration behavior of intact circular plate and circular sheet with the circular defect has been investigated using frequency-domain analysis (FDD). Furthermore, for validating the used method, the obtained natural frequencies for different graphene sheets have been compared with acquired data in former research. The result of validation showed the accuracy of the used method in this study. The results indicated that by increasing the hole size, the natural frequency of a defected sheet with free edges will be diminished, and with simply-supported interior boundary conditions typically went up. Also, by increasing the hole’s eccentricity, the natural frequency of the defected graphene sheet will be diminished when the hole boundary was subjected to simply-support or free condition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

M. Farzannasab, Modal Analysis (MA) Research Laboratory, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

M. Farzannasab received her B.Sc. degree in mechanical engineering from Semnan University, Semnan, Iran; and then, the M.Sc. degree in mechanical engineering, from K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran in 2020.

Her fields of interests are in Neural Network,Biomechanics, Bio-Nano-Mechanics, Machine Learning, Control and Machine Design and Robotics (Surgical Robots, Rehabilitation Robots and Human-Robot Interactions). She has research experience in Modal Analysis Laboratory and Mechatronics Mechanism Laboratory for four years.

M. M. Khatibi, Modal Analysis (MA) Research Laboratory, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

M. M. Khatibi received B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees and then, the Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering from Semnan University, Semnan, Iran. Now, He is an Assistant Professor of department of Solid Design and Applied Design at faculty of mechanical engineering in the Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

S. Sadeghzadeh, Smart Micro/Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems Lab (MNEMS), School of New Technologies, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

S. Sadeghzadeh received B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in mechanical engineering from Semnan University, Semnan, Iran and Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, respectively, and then, the Ph.D. degree Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. His fields of interests are in Experimental Works on NanoRobotics, Robotic, Micro and NanoRobotic, Micro and Nano Manipulators Dynamics and control, Piezoactuating and Molecular and MultiScale Modeling of NanoStructures. His current researches are about Micro and Nano manipulation, Perturbation Compensation, Nonlinearities Avoidance and MultiScale Modeling. Now he is an associate professor in the Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

References

M. J. Allen, V. C. Tung, and R. B. Kaner, “Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene,” Chem. Rev., vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 132–145, 2010.

D. R. Dreyer, R. S. Ruoff, and C. W. Bielawski, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed., vol. 49, no. 49, pp. 9336–9344, 2010.

M. J. Allen and V. C. Tung, and R. B. Kaner, Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene, Chemical Reviews, 110, 1, 132–145, 2010. ACS Publicatio.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” in Nanoscience and Technology: A Collection of Reviews from Nature Journals, World Scientific, 2010, pp. 11–19.

S. Sadeghzadeh and M. M. Khatibi, “Modal identification of single layer graphene nano sheets from ambient responses using frequency domain decomposition,” Eur. J. Mech., vol. 65, pp. 70–78, 2017.

C. I. L. Justino, A. R. Gomes, A. C. Freitas, A. C. Duarte, and T. A. P. Rocha-Santos, “Graphene based sensors and biosensors,” TrAC Trends Anal. Chem., vol. 91, pp. 53–66, 2017.

H. Tian et al., “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 699–705, 2014.

C. Soldano, A. Mahmood, and E. Dujardin, “Production, properties and potential of graphene,” Carbon N. Y., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 2127–2150, 2010.

Y. Dan, Y. Lu, N. J. Kybert, Z. Luo, and A. T. C. Johnson, “Intrinsic response of graphene vapor sensors,” Nano Lett., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1472–1475, 2009.

V. Singh, D. Joung, L. Zhai, S. Das, S. I. Khondaker, and S. Seal, “Graphene based materials: Past, present and future,” Prog. Mater. Sci., vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 1178–1271, 2011.

X. Wang and G. Shi, “An introduction to the chemistry of graphene,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., vol. 17, no. 43, pp. 28484–28504, 2015.

T. Murmu and S. C. Pradhan, “Vibration analysis of nano-single-layered graphene sheets embedded in elastic medium based on nonlocal elasticity theory,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 105, no. 6, p. 64319, 2009.

S. C. Pradhan and J. K. Phadikar, “Small scale effect on vibration of embedded multilayered graphene sheets based on nonlocal continuum models,” Phys. Lett. A, vol. 373, no. 11, pp. 1062–1069, 2009.

S. A. Fazelzadeh and S. Pouresmaeeli, “Thermo-mechanical vibration of double-orthotropic nanoplates surrounded by elastic medium,” J. Therm. Stress., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 225–238, 2013.

B. Arash and Q. Wang, “Vibration of single-and double-layered graphene sheets,” J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med., vol. 2, no. 1, p. 11012, 2011.

S. R. Asemi and A. Farajpour, “Decoupling the nonlocal elasticity equations for thermo-mechanical vibration of circular graphene sheets including surface effects,” Phys. E Low-dimensional Syst. Nanostructures, vol. 60, pp. 80–90, 2014.

M. Miri and M. Fadaee, “Effects of eccentric circular perforation on thermal vibration of circular graphene sheets using translational addition theorem,” Int. J. Mech. Sci. , vol. 100, pp. 237–249, 2015.

S. Hosseini-Hashemi, M. Derakhshani, and M. Fadaee, “An accurate mathematical study on the free vibration of stepped thickness circular/annular Mindlin functionally graded plates,” Appl. Math. Model., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 4147–4164, 2013.

S. R. Asemi, A. Farajpour, M. Borghei, and A. H. Hassani, “Thermal effects on the stability of circular graphene sheets via nonlocal continuum mechanics,” Lat. Am. J. Solids Struct., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 704–724, 2014.

M. Neek-Amal and F. M. Peeters, “Buckled circular monolayer graphene: a graphene nano-bowl,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter, vol. 23, no. 4, p. 45002, 2010.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol., vol. 7, no. 11, p. 699, 2012.

S. K. Jalali, M. J. Beigrezaee, and N. M. Pugno, “Atomistic evaluation of the stress concentration factor of graphene sheets having circular holes,” Phys. E Low-dimensional Syst. Nanostructures, vol. 93, pp. 318–323, 2017.

M. Mirakhory, M. M. Khatibi, and S. Sadeghzadeh, “Vibration analysis of defected and pristine triangular single-layer graphene nanosheets,” Curr. Appl. Phys., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 1327–1337, 2018.

S. H. Madani, M. H. Sabour, and M. Fadaee, “Molecular dynamics simulation of vibrational behavior of annular graphene sheet: Identification of nonlocal parameter,” J. Mol. Graph. Model., vol. 79, pp. 264–272, 2018.

J. Tersoff, “Erratum: Modeling solid-state chemistry: Interatomic potentials for multicomponent systems,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 41, no. 5, p. 3248, 1990.

L. Li, M. Xu, W. Song, A. Ovcharenko, G. Zhang, and D. Jia, “The effect of empirical potential functions on modeling of amorphous carbon using molecular dynamics method,” Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 286, pp. 287–297, 2013.

J. R. Walton, L. A. Rivera-Rivera, R. R. Lucchese, and J. W. Bevan, “Morse, Lennard-Jones, and Kratzer potentials: A canonical perspective with applications,” J. Phys. Chem. A, vol. 120, no. 42, pp. 8347–8359, 2016.

K. Laasonen, A. Pasquarello, R. Car, C. Lee, and D. Vanderbilt, “Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics with Vanderbilt ultrasoft pseudopotentials,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 47, no. 16, p. 10142, 1993.

T. J. Martinez, M. Ben-Nun, and R. D. Levine, “Multi-electronic-state molecular dynamics: A. J. Phys. Chem., vol. 100, no. 19, pp. 7884–7895, 1996.

G. Rajasekaran, R. Kumar, and A. Parashar, “Tersoff potential with improved accuracy for simulating graphene in molecular dynamics environment,” Mater. Res. Express, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 35011, 2016.

G. P. Zhang and Z. G. Wang, “Fatigue of small-scale metal materials: from micro-to nano-scale,” in Multiscale fatigue crack initiation and propagation of engineering materials: structural integrity and microstructural worthiness, Springer, 2008, pp. 275–326.

F. Shimizu, S. Ogata, and J. Li, “Theory of shear banding in metallic glasses and molecular dynamics calculations,” Mater. Trans., p. 710160231, 2007.

X. Xia, G. J. Weng, J. Xiao, and W. Wen, “Porosity-dependent percolation threshold and frequency-dependent electrical properties for highly aligned graphene-polymer nanocomposite foams,” Mater. Today Commun., vol. 22, p. 100853, 2020.

“index @ lammps.sandia.gov.”.

A. Brandt, Noise and vibration analysis: signal analysis and experimental procedures. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

L. Zhang and R. Brincker, “An overview of operational modal analysis: major development and issues,” in 1st international operational modal analysis conference, 2005, pp. 179–190.

H. Wenzel, “Ambient vibration monitoring,” Encycl. Struct. Heal. Monit., 2009.

R. Brincker, L. Zhang, and P. Andersen, “Modal identification of output-only systems using frequency domain decomposition,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 10, no. 3, p. 441, 2001.

R. Brincker, L. Zhang, and P. Andersen, “Modal identification from ambient responses using frequency domain decomposition,” in Proc. of the 18th International Modal Analysis Conference (IMAC), San Antonio, Texas, 2000.

S. C. Pradhan and J. K. Phadikar, “Nonlocal elasticity theory for vibration of nanoplates,” J. Sound Vib., vol. 325, no. 1–2, pp. 206–223, 2009.

S. K. Jalali, M. H. Naei, and N. M. Pugno, “Graphene-based resonant sensors for detection of ultra-fine nanoparticles: molecular dynamics and nonlocal elasticity investigations,” Nano, vol. 10, no. 02, p. 1550024, 2015.

M. Mohammadi, M. Ghayour, and A. Farajpour, “Free transverse vibration analysis of circular and annular graphene sheets with various boundary conditions using the nonlocal continuum plate model,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 32–42, 2013.

Published

2021-01-10

Issue

Section

Original Article