Data of Semantic Web as Unit of Knowledge


  • Archana Patel National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India
  • Sarika Jain National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India
  • Shishir K Shandilya Vellore Institute of Technology, VIT Bhopal University, India


Semantic Web, Ontology, Unit of Knowledge, Knowledge Representation scheme


In service to the state of the art, advances are required toward redesigning the framework over which web applications are built. The semantic web lies at the intersection of web and machine understandable meaningful data, turning it into intelligent ‘web of data’. The key requirement with any intelligent system has been to find a concrete knowledge representation that can make the inferences within time and space constraints; that is, reasoning effectively and efficiently within the resource constraints posed to the problem at one hand and with insufficient data as well as incomplete knowledge on the other hand. Various Knowledge representation schemes have been proposed in the literature, each having its limitation over the others. Ontology is the key component for semantic web engineering. Ontologies are conceptual knowledge bases providing a systematic and taxonomical description of the concepts and instances under consideration. Conceptual clarity in the computational representation of a concept is vital for holistic thinking and knowledge engineering. In order to meet the needs of an application/enterprise, knowledge should be presented taking care of all possible perspectives; and represented in a hierarchical structure with differing levels of granularity. This paper discusses about bringing all the manifestations of an ontological concept/decision under one umbrella; hence describing the resultant scheme as a unit of knowledge. By representing a concept as a knowledge unit, classical ontology is claimed to be sufficient in dealing with imprecise, vague and heterogeneous knowledge for real-world web applications; and portrays the capability to acquire fresh knowledge through its thorough interaction with the external world in a given working environment.


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Author Biographies

Archana Patel, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India

Archana Patel is a Ph.D. student at National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India since 2017. She received the Master of Computer Applications degree from National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra, India in 2016. She has two years experience as JRF in Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) funded research project. Her research interests include Semantic Web, Big Data, Ontological Engineering and Knowledge Warehouse.

Sarika Jain, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India

Sarika Jain graduated from Jawaharlal Nehru University (India) in 2001. Her doctorate is in the field of Knowledge Representation in Artificial Intelligence which was awarded in 2011. She has served in the field of education for over 18 years and is currently in service at the National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra. Her research interests are in the area of Intelligent Systems, Ontological Engineering, Semantic Web Technologies, and Linked Open Data Cloud with an aim to make people understand the importance of semantic web over the traditional web. Dr. Sarika is currently working toward solving the interoperability problem generated by IoT, Big Data and Cloud Computing initiatives. She has authored over 82 publications and five text books including “Information System” and “Mobile Computing”. Dr. Sarika has just completed a research project sponsored by DRDO, India worth Rs 40 lakhs. She has constantly been supervising DAAD interns from different universities of Germany and many interns from India every summer. She is a member of IEEE and ACM and a Life Member of Computer Society of India.

Shishir K Shandilya, Vellore Institute of Technology, VIT Bhopal University, India

Shishir K Shandilya, Division Head of Cyber Security & Digital Forensics at VIT, is a renowned academician and active researcher with proven record of teaching and research. He is Cambridge University Certified Professional Teacher and Trainer, Senior Member of IEEE-USA and also elected as an executive member of IEEE Industry-Outreach Committee-India. Dr. Shandilya has received “IDA Teaching Excellence Award” for distinctive use of Technology in Teaching by Indian Didactics Association, Bangalore and “Young Scientist Award” for consecutive two years (2005 & 2006) by Indian Science Congress & MP Council of Science & Technology. He has written seven books of international-fame (published in USA, Denmark and India) and published quality research papers. He is an active member of over 20 international professional bodies. He is also an excellent programmer and credited various software projects in his account.


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