OakStreaming: A Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming Library

  • Istvan Koren Advanced Community Information Systems (ACIS) Group, RWTH Aachen University, Ahornstr. 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany
  • Ralf Klamma Advanced Community Information Systems (ACIS) Group, RWTH Aachen University, Ahornstr. 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany
Keywords: Web Engineering, Video Streaming, Peer-to-Peer, WebRTC, WebTorrent

Abstract

Multimedia platforms dealing with movie streaming and video-based short messages have increased the global Internet video traffic substantially in the last couple of years. Over the same period, multimedia on the Web has been standardized in terms of codecs and browserbased JavaScript APIs. However, today the technological challenges concerning the distribution of large video files are mainly tackled by scaling up capacities in cloud data centers, or relying on content delivery networks. Both approaches favor financially strong, large companies, while independent video providers with highly demanded videos are disadvantaged. Peer-to-peer streaming provides an alternative by shifting the data streams to the clients. In this article, we conceptualize different methods to move video delivery from centralized cloud infrastructures to end user devices.We discuss their strengths & weaknesses and present design considerations. To exemplify a particular approach, we showcase the implementation and evaluation of OakStreaming, our system that streams videos peer-to-peer via WebTorrent in HTML5. Particularly, we offer Web video providers a library that has various parameters, for instance to limit the bandwidth available for peer-topeer uploads. The resulting library is available as open source software on GitHub.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adam Bergkvist, Daniel C. Burnett, Cullen Jennings, Anant

Narayanan, Bernard Aboba, Taylor Brandstetter, and Jan-Ivar

Bruaroey. WebRTC 1.0: Real-time Communication Between

Browsers: W3C Candidate Recommendation 27 September 2018.

Rajkumar Buyya, Mukaddim Pathan, and Athena Vakali. Content

Delivery Networks, volume 9 of Lecture notes in electrical

engineering. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2008.

Cisco Systems. The Zettabyte Era: Trends and Analysis: June

Andrea Gallidabino and Cesare Pautasso. Maturity Model for

Liquid Web Architectures. In Jordi Cabot, Roberto de Virgilio,

and Riccardo Torlone, editors, Web Engineering, volume 10360,

pages 206–224, Cham, 2017. Springer International Publishing.

Yonghao Hu, Zhaohui Chen, Xiaojun Liu, Fei Huang, and

Jinyuan Jia. WebTorrent Based Fine-grained P2PTransmission of

Large-scale WebVR Indoor Scenes. In Matt Adcock and Tomasz

Bednarz, editors, Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference

on 3D Web Technology – Web3D ’17, pages 1–8, New York,

USA, 2017. ACM Press.

B. Li, S. Xie, Y. Qu, G. Y. Keung, C. Lin, J. Liu, and X. Zhang.

Inside the New Coolstreaming: Principles, Measurements and

Performance Implications. In IEEE Conference on Computer

Communications, pages 1031–1039. IEEE, 2008.

Bo Li and Hao Yin. Peer-to-Peer Live Video Streaming on the

Internet: Issues, Existing Approaches, and Challenges. Communications

Magazine, IEEE, 45(6):94–99, 2007.

A. J. Meyn. Browser to browser media streaming with HTML5:

Master’s thesis. Aalto University, 2012.

Microsoft. Object RTC API, 2017.

Christian Mossner and Dennis Herhausen. Video: the New Rules

of Communication. Marketing Review St. Gallen, 34(2):36–44,

Mohamed Moulay and Vincenzo Mancuso. Experimental Performance

Evaluation of WebRTC Video Services over Mobile

Networks. In 2018 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications

Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), pages 541–546. IEEE,

04.2018–19.04.2018.

Fl´avio Ribeiro Nogueira Barbosa and Luiz Fernando Gomes

Soares. Towards theApplication ofWebRTC Peer-to-Peer to Scale

Live Video Streaming over the Internet. In Simposio Brasileiro

de Redes de Computadores (SBRC), 2014.

Jukka K. Nurminen,Antony J. R. Meyn, Eetu Jalonen,Yrjo Raivio,

and Ra´ul Garcıa Marrero. P2P Media Streaming with HTML5

and WebRTC. In 2013 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications

Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), pages 63–64,

Panagiotis Papadopoulos, Panagiotis Ilia, Michalis Polychronakis,

Evangelos P. Markatos, Sotiris Ioannidis, and Giorgos Vasiliadis.

Master ofWeb Puppets: AbusingWeb Browsers for Persistent and

Stealthy Computation. CoRR, abs/1810.00464, 2018.

Konstantina Papagiannaki, Krishna Gummadi, Craig Partridge,

Mingchen Zhao, Paarijaat Aditya, Ang Chen, Yin Lin, Andreas

Haeberlen, Peter Druschel, Bruce Maggs, Bill Wishon, and

Miroslav Ponec. Peer-assisted content distribution in Akamai

netsession. In IMC ’13 Proceedings of the 2013 conference on

Internet measurement conference, pages 31–42. 2013.

Andreas Reiter and Alexander Marsalek. WebRTC: Your Privacy

is at Risk. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied

Computing, pages 664–669. ACM, Marrakech, Morocco, 2017.

Eric Rescorla. Introduction to Distributed Hash Tables, 2006.

Florian Rhinow, Pablo Porto Veloso, Carlos Puyelo, Stephen

Barrett, and Eamonn O. Nuallain. P2P live video streaming in

WebRTC. In 2014 World Congress on Computer Applications

and Information Systems (WCCAIS), pages 1–6, 2014.

Roberto Roverso and Mikael Hogqvist. Hive.js: Browser-Based

Distributed Caching for Adaptive Video Streaming. In IEEE

International Symposium on Multimedia, pages 143–146, 2014.

Mahadev Satyanarayanan, Pieter Simoens, Yu Xiao, Padmanabhan

Pillai, Zhuo Chen, Kiryong Ha, Wenlu Hu, and Brandon

Amos. Edge Analytics in the Internet of Things. IEEE Pervasive

Computing, 14(2):24–31, 2015.

Thomas Stockhammer. Dynamic adaptive streaming over

HTTP – Standards and Design Principles. In Ali C. Begen and

Ketan Mayer-Patel, editors, Proceedings of the second annual

ACM conference on Multimedia systems – MMSys ’11, page 133,

New York, USA, 2011. ACM Press.

I. Stoica, R. Morris, D. Liben-Nowell, D. R. Karger, M. F.

Kaashoek, F. Dabek, and H. Balakrishnan. Chord: a scalable

peer-to-peer lookup protocol for internet applications. IEEE/ACM

Transactions on Networking, 11(1):17–32, 2003.

Masayuki Sugawara, Seo-Young Choi, and David Wood. Ultra-

High-Definition Television (Rec. ITU-R BT.2020): A Generational

Leap in the Evolution of Television [Standards in a

Nutshell]. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 31(3):170–174,

Yevgeniya Sulema, Noam Amram, Oleksii Aleshchenko, and

Olena Sivak. Quality of Experience Estimation for WebRTCbased

Video Streaming. In European Wireless 2018; 24th

European Wireless Conference. [VDE Verlag GmbH], [Berlin],

Matthew Wolenetz, Jerry Smith, Mark Watson, Aaron Colwell,

and Adrian Bateman. Media Source Extensions: W3C Candidate

Recommendation 12 November 2015, 2015.

Published
2019-02-27
Section
Articles