Design of a Hybrid Digital Watermarking Algorithm with High Robustness


  • Yi Xie School of Computer Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • Yulin Wang School of Computer Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • Maode Ma School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore



Digital watermarking, digital multimedia security, hybrid algorithm, information security, high robustness


With the development of the Internet, storage and transmission technologies such as printers and scanners, digital multimedia products are rapidly transmitted through the Internet broadcasting, multimedia works becoming easy to obtain and illegally tampering and copying. The copyright of media works urgently needs to be protected. As an important information security scheme, digital watermarking technology provides a powerful solution to the protection of multimedia works. In this paper, we propose an image digital watermarking algorithm combining discrete wavelet transform, discrete cosine transform and matrix singular value decomposition and new scrambling technique. Furthermore, to improve the robustness of the algorithm, grayscale scrambling and pseudo magic square transform are used. To evaluate our proposed algorithm, we realize the simulation based on Python 3.7.  All the simulation results show that our proposed algorithm has strong imperceptibility and robustness.    


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Author Biographies

Yi Xie, School of Computer Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Yi Xie is a Ph.D. Candidate at the Wuhan University, China since 2012. He obtained his master and bachelor degree in 2008 and 2006 from Nanyang Technological University of Singapore and University of Electronics Science and Technology of China respectively. His research interests include digital watermarking, network security, blockchain and IOT.

Yulin Wang, School of Computer Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Yulin Wang is a full professor and PhD supervisor in International School of Software, Wuhan University, China. He got PhD degree in 2005 in Queen Mary, University of London, UK. Before that, he has worked in high-tech industry for more than ten years. He has involved many key projects, and hold 8 patents. He got his master and bachelor degree in 1990 and 1987 respectively from Xi-Dian University, and Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), both in China. His research interests include digital rights management, digital watermarking, multimedia and network security, and signal processing. In recently 10 years, Prof. Wang has published as first author 3 books, 40 conference papers and 45 journal papers, including in IEEE Transactions and IEE proceedings and Elsevier Journals. Prof. Wang served as editor-in-chief for International Journal of Advances in Multimedia in 2010.

Maode Ma, School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Maode Ma received his Ph.D. degree in computer science from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 1999. Now, he is an Associate Professor in the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He has extensive research interests including network security and wireless networking. He has led and/or participated more than 20 research projects funded by government, industry, military and universities in various countries. He has been a general chair, technical symposium chair, tutorial chair, publication chair, publicity chair and session chair for about 100 international conferences. He has been a member of the technical program committees for about 200 international conferences. Dr. Ma has more than 400 international academic publications including about 220 journal papers and over 210 conference papers. He currently serves as the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering and Journal of Communications. He also serves as a Senior Editor for IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, and an Associate Editor for International Journal of Security and Communication Networks, International Journal of Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing and International Journal of Communication Systems. He had been an Associate Editor for IEEE Communications Letters from 2003 to 2011 and an Associate Editor for International Journal of Network and Computer Applications from 2007 to 2015. Dr. Ma is a Fellow of IET, a senior member of IEEE, and a member of ACM. He is the Secretary of the IEEE Singapore Section. He is also the Chair of the ACM, Singapore Chapter. He is serving as an IEEE Communication Society Distinguished Lecturer from 2013 to 2016.


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