Blockchain-Based Access Control and Data Sharing Mechanism in Cloud Decentralized Storage System

Authors

  • Yogesh M Gajmal Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073, India
  • R. Udayakumar Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/jwe1540-9589.2054

Keywords:

Data sharing, cloud storage system, Blockchain, smart agreement, Interplanetary File System (IPFS).

Abstract

Access control is a major factor in enhancing data security in the cloud storage system. However, the existing data sharing and the access control method have privacy data leakage and key abuse, which is a major challenge in the research community. Therefore, an effective method named Blockchain-based access control and data sharing approach is developed in the cloud storage system to increase data security. The proposed Blockchain-based access control and data sharing approach effectively solve single-point failure in the cloud system. It provides more benefits by increasing the throughput and reducing the cost. The Data user (DU) makes the registration request using the ID and password and forwards it to the Data Owner (DO), which processes the request and authenticates the Data user. The information of the data owner is embedded in the transactional blockchain using the encrypted master key. The Data owner achieves the data encryption process, and encrypted files are uploaded to the Interplanetary File System (IPFS). Based on the encrypted file location and encrypted key, the Data owner generates the ciphertext metadata and is embedded in the transactional blockchain. The proposed Blockchain-based access control and data sharing approach achieved better performance using the metrics, like a better genuine user detection rate of 95% and lower responsiveness of 25sec with the blockchain of 100 sizes.

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Author Biographies

Yogesh M Gajmal, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073, India

Yogesh M. Gajmal is currently working as Research Scholar in Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073. He attended the Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, India where he received his M-Tech in Computer Engineering in 2014. His Ph.D. work centers on Access Control in Cloud and discusses the Access control to develop new efficient and effective solution.

R. Udayakumar, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073, India

R. Udayakumar is currently working as Professor in Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Bharath University, Selaiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600073.He has published 224 research papers in Scopus and SCI indexed journals and he is supervisor for research scholar at BIHER.

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Published

2021-08-30

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Section

Articles