Designing a Flow-based Mechanism for Accessing Electronic Health Records on a Cloud Environment


  • Tsung-Yin Ou Department of Marketing and Distribution Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan
  • Wen-Lung Tsai Department of Information Management, Asia Eastern University of Science and Technology, New Taipei, 220 Taiwan



Electronic health records, cloud environment, access control, workflow, doctor-patient communication, web-based system


Electronic health record (EHR) implementation not only to facilitate doctor-patient communication reduces paper consumption but also allows the rapid exchange of medical records, integrating patients’ medical information from different locations. However, the costs of establishing massive and repetitive systems, constructing databases, and maintaining and exchanging data, as well as the energy consumption underscoring such an operation, represent substantial costs for a medical institution. Therefore, it is important to develop a cloud solution for EHRs and to provide a platform where resources are truly shareable. This study investigates the feasibility of cloud EHR services provided by trusted third parties. However, not only do medical records stored in an access environment with multiple users potentially endanger patient privacy, but also, without well-designed access control, such an environment may beget excessive unnecessary data access, which is costly and hinders cloud computing. To address the dual challenge of protecting patient privacy and allowing cloud computing, this study proposes the doctor–patient workflow and implements a web-based system. This mechanism ensures patients’ data security and addresses the demand of EHR cloud sharing, i.e., controlling EHR access authorities. The proposed method can protect the privacy of patients’ medical records on the cloud and grant users with minimum granularity access, thereby creating a system with the advantages of data security and cloud computing. This study proposes the doctor–patient workflow as the access control mechanism of cloud medical records, which minimizes the granularity of access. In addition, the access authority of the workflow dynamically changes with the environment, which ensures patients’ access to their medical records and defines the appropriate timing of cloud data access operations, thereby preventing unnecessary energy consumption. In practice, considerable contributions can be made to the establishment of access control and promotion of the cloud environment for medical records.


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Author Biographies

Tsung-Yin Ou, Department of Marketing and Distribution Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan

Tsung-Yin Ou now is an Associate Professor in Department of Marketing and Distribution Management at National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology. He received Ph.D. degrees in Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management from National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. His currently research interests include Data Mining, Smart Retailing, Application of Artificial Intelligence and Operation Management on Service Industry.

Wen-Lung Tsai, Department of Information Management, Asia Eastern University of Science and Technology, New Taipei, 220 Taiwan

Wen-Lung Tsai was born in New Taipei, Taiwan in 1974. He received his M.S. degree in information management from the Chinese Culture University, Taipei, in 2007 and Ph.D. in information management from National Central University, Taoyuan in 2015. From 2012 to 2015, he was an Engineer and Project Manager with the Institute of Information Industry. Since 2016, he has been an Associate Professor with the Department of Information Management at Asia Eastern University of Science and Technology (AEUST). He is the author of more than 40 articles and more than 10 industry research plans. His current research and teaching interests include project management, software engineering, information systems, data quality, and digital content. He has been serving as a reviewer for many highly respected journals.


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How to Cite

Ou, T.-Y. ., & Tsai, W.-L. . (2022). Designing a Flow-based Mechanism for Accessing Electronic Health Records on a Cloud Environment. Journal of Web Engineering, 21(05), 1491–1518.