Fake News Detection by Image Montage Recognition





Fake news,, montage, collage, image, feature matching


Fake news have been a problem for multiple years now and in addition to this “fake images” that accompany them are becoming increasingly a problem too. The aim of such fake images is to back up the fake message itself and make it appear authentic. For this purpose, more and more images such as photo-montages are used, which have been spliced from several images. This can be used to defame people by putting them in unfavorable situations or the other way around as propaganda by making them appear more important. In addition, montages may have been altered with noise and other manipulations to make an automatic recognition more difficult. In order to take action against such montages and still detect them automated, a concept based on feature detection is developed. Furthermore, an indexing of the features is carried out by means of a nearest neighbor algorithm in order to be able to quickly compare a high number of images. Afterwards, images suspected to be a montage are reviewed by a verifier. This concept is implemented and evaluated with two feature detectors. Even montages that have been manipulated with different methods are identified as such in an average of 100 milliseconds with a probability of mostly over 90%.


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Author Biographies

Martin Steinebach, Fraunhofer SIT, Darmstadt, Germany

Martin Steinebach is the manager of the Media Security and IT Forensics division at Fraunhofer SIT. From 2003 to 2007 he was the manager of the Media Security in IT division at Fraunhofer IPSI. He studied computer science at the Technical University of Darmstadt and finished his diploma thesis on copyright protection for digital audio in 1999. In 2003 he received his PhD at the Technical University of Darmstadt for this work on digital audio watermarking. In 2016 he became honorary professor at the TU Darmstadt. He gives lectures on Multimedia Security as well as Civil Security. He is Principle Investigator at ATHENE and represents IT Forensics and AI Security. Before he was Principle Investigator at CASED with the topics Multimedia Security and IT Forensics. In 2012 his work on robust image hashing for detection of child pornography reached the second rank Deutscher IT Sicherheitspreis, an award funded by Host Görtz.

Huajian Liu, Fraunhofer SIT, Darmstadt, Germany

Huajian Liu received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in electronic engineering from Dalian University of Technology, China, in 1999 and 2002, respectively, and his Ph.D. degree in computer science from Technical University Darmstadt, Germany, in 2008. He is currently a senior research scientist at Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT). His major research interests include information security, digital watermarking, robust hashing and digital forensics.

Karol Gotkowski, Fraunhofer SIT, Darmstadt, Germany

Karol Gotkowski received his B.S degree in computer science from Technical University Darmstadt, Germany, in 2019 and is pursuing his M.S degree in visual computing. He is currently a student assistant at Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT). His major research interests include splicing detection, visual question answering and neural network interpretability.


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How to Cite

Steinebach M, Liu H, Gotkowski K. Fake News Detection by Image Montage Recognition. JCSANDM [Internet]. 2020 Jan. 29 [cited 2023 May 31];9(2):175–202. Available from: https://journals.riverpublishers.com/index.php/JCSANDM/article/view/1131



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