A Comparative Analysis of Digital Forensic Investigation Tools on Facebook Messenger Applications

Authors

  • Sunardi Department of Electrical Engineering, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55166, Indonesia
  • Herman Master in Informatics, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55164, Indonesia
  • Syifa Riski Ardiningtias Master in Informatics, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55164, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/jcsm2245-1439.1151

Keywords:

National Institute of Justice, Media Social, Facebook Messenger, Fraud

Abstract

Technological developments make it easier for people to communicate and share information. Facebook Messenger is an instant messenger that contains multi-platform for sending text, image, sound, and video messages. Besides being used for positive purposes, this technology can also be used to carry out harmful activities. This study conducts a forensic investigation on a crime simulation in pornographic content distribution using Facebook Messenger as a communication medium on Android smartphones. Perpetrators communicate and send pornographic content in the shape of conversations, audio, and video, then delete them to eliminate traces. Every crime can leave evidence therefore after erasing the track, it can be revealed through digital forensic investigations on the smartphone devices that are used as objects to find digital evidence. The collection of evidence in this study is used four forensic tools with the research stages the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) framework. The study result can be used as evidence by investigators on handling criminal cases with the results obtained in the shape of application versions, accounts, emails, conversation, time of occurrence, pictures, audio, and video. MOBILedit Forensic Express has an accuracy of 84.85%, Wondershare Dr. Fone 36.36%, Magnet Axiom 75.76%, and Belkasoft Evidence Center 69.70%.

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Author Biographies

Sunardi, Department of Electrical Engineering, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55166, Indonesia

Sunardi graduated bachelor and master degree in Electrical Engineering from Universitas Gadjah Mada (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) and Institut Teknologi Bandung (Bandung, Indonesia) in 1999 and 2003 respectively. Ph.D. degree received in Electrical Engineering from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Johor Bahru, Malaysia) in 2011. Currently as lecturer at Univesitas Ahmad Dahlan (Yogyakarta, Indonesia). His expert on Data, Information, and Communication.

Herman, Master in Informatics, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55164, Indonesia

Herman graduated bachelor degree in Informatics from Perbanas (Jakarta, Indonesia). Master and Ph.D. degree received in Computer Science from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Johor Bahru, Malaysia). Currently as lecturer at Univesitas Ahmad Dahlan, (Yogyakarta, Indonesia). His expert on Mobile and Multimedia Technologies.

Syifa Riski Ardiningtias, Master in Informatics, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta-55164, Indonesia

Syifa Riski Ardiningtias graduated bachelor degree in Computer Science from Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto (Purwokerto, Indonesia) in 2019. Currently doing master in Informatics at Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (Yogyakarta, Indonesia). His research interest on Digital Forensic and Network Forensics.

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Published

2022-12-03

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