Modelling IoT Behaviour in Supply Chain Business Processes with BPMN: A Systematic Literature Review
Keywords:Systematic literature review, Business process modelling, BPMN, IoT, BPMN extensions, Process execution, Supply chain
The Internet of Things (IoT) enables to connect physical world to digital processes, allowing real-world data to be fed into business processes. This revolution helps in the making of more informed business decisions as well as the automation and/or improvement of business processes tasks. The successful integration of IoT into business operations is required to realize these benefits. Supporting the modelling of IoT-enhanced business proccesess is the first step toward this goal. Despite the fact that numerous papers studied this topic, it is unclear what the current state of the art is in terms of modelling solutions and gaps. We conduct a systematic literature review in this work to determine how current solutions model IoT into business operations, and whether the standard Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) has emerged as the de facto standard for business process modelling [20, 26]). The Object Management Group (OMG) developed BPMN, which is now an ISO standard BPMN is already enough for a full modelling of IoT integration, or the extensions are needed. We found and analysed the several existing alternative solutions after reviewing all the literature on this issue. Furthermore, we discuss some key aspects of the planned additions that should be addressed in the near future, such as the absence of standardization.
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