A Landscape Analysis of Standardisation in the Field of Artificial Intelligence


  • Wolfgang Ziegler Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing SCAI, Sankt Augustin, Germany




Artificial intelligence, standardisation


While projects, developments and applications addressing and using artificial intelligence (AI) are rather multifaceted and their number is constantly increasing, the standardisation activities in the field of artificial intelligence are limited, their number is significantly lower and does not increase at the same pace.

The European funded project StandICT.eu aims at supporting European experts’ presence in and contributions to international standardisation activities in ICT. The focus of the project is on the 5 priority domains identified by the European Commission (Cloud Computing, IoT, Big Data, Cyber Security, 5G) and on Artificial Intelligence while being open for other relevant topics defined in the annual European Rolling Plan for ICT Standardisation. The project has two main outcomes: (i) increased contribution of European experts in international standardisation through support by providing grants for planned contributions of successful applications of experts, and (ii) an online observatory of published standards and ongoing standardisation activities in the areas mentioned before. This observatory (called Standards Watch) is accessible through the project’s web site and open for contributions and comments from registered users. As part of the effort for the Standards Watch the projects has prepared a comprehensive analysis of the international standardisation landscape in the AI field, that comprises a description of the ICT standards and ongoing work at international level in the field of AI across the standardisation organisations already active in the field.

In this article we will present results of our work where we have analysed the work of the 5 international and European Standards Development Organisations (SDOs) IEEE,1 ISO/IEC,2 ITU-T,3 ETSI4 and CEN-CENELEC5 developing standards in the field of AI. The first 4 bodies have already been active several years in AI standardisation at the time of writing this article. CEN-CENELEC has launched a focus group in 2019 which aims at producing a roadmap for AI standardisation. For these 4 SDOs information on their active groups, details of their work and the respective state/outcome is provided in the main part of this article. Followed by the same exercise for the two identified Standards Settings Organisations (SSOs): W3C6 and IRTF,7 their active groups and the respective state/outcome.

With this information an initial analysis of the AI standardisation landscape as Q3 2019 is performed with the main outcomes that (i) the number of working groups chaired by Europeans is significant and (ii) that there is room for European experts contributing to ongoing and future standardisation work.

The article is concluded by considerations on future priorities.


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Author Biography

Wolfgang Ziegler, Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing SCAI, Sankt Augustin, Germany

Wolfgang Ziegler holds a doctoral degree in informatics and a diploma in informatics and has over 30 years of experience in different positions and fields of applied research. Since 1987 he was a scientist in the German national research centre Gesellschaft für Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung (GMD), which was merged with the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft in 2002. For more than 17 years he is working in the Fraunhofer Institute SCAI. Since 2003 he is head of the Grid and Cloud Middleware Research Group of the Bioinformatics department of SCAI and has a long record in distributed computing research and development with a focus on Cloud Computing over the last years, research on Service Level Agreements and software licencing technologies for distributed environments. He has a long record in standardisation activities, e.g. in the Open Grid Forum since its beginning. He is a co-chair of the Open Grid Forum working group responsible for the WS Agreement and WS-Agreement Negotiation specification. Moreover, he is area director for applications of the Open Grid Forum and since mid of 2015 Vice President of Community of the Open Grid Forum. He was a member of the working group on SLA management of the Telemanagement Forum, contributed in the ETSI Cloud Standardisation Coordination phase 1 task force and was a member of the ETSI experts for the Cloud Standardisation Coordination phase 2 project funded by the European Commission. He is a member of the German national standards body DIN and active in several working groups of ISO JTC1. Since 2018 he is active in the European project StandICT.eu.


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