A Secure Trust-aware Cross-layer Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad hoc Networks
VANETs currently represent one of the most prominent solutions that aim to reduce the number of road accident victims and congestion problems while improving the quality of driving. VANETs form a very dynamic open network in which vehicles exchange information and warnings about road situations and other traffic information through several routing protocols, without any intermediate control. However, the absence of a central control makes such a network vulnerable to several types of attack, not only from the outside but also, and mostly, from the interior. This makes their detection by classical security techniques more difficult and requires the development of new techniques to control the information circulating in the network. In this context, a proposed routing protocol called TDMA-aware Routing Protocol for Multi hop communication in Vehicular networks, is vulnerable to security threats, such as Black Hole and Gray Hole attacks, as well as MAC attacks such as Denial of Service (DoS), which lead to a considerable deterioration in the network’s performance in terms of packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delays, channel access rate, etc. To mitigate the effect of those attacks, we propose a trust-based model in which each node will establish a trust relationship with its neighbors based on their behaviors during the channel access and packet forwarding process. The simulation results show a significant decrease in the effect of attacks on the performance of the TRPM protocol.
802.11p, IEEE standard for information technology – Telecommunications and information exchange between systems – local and metropolitan area networks – specific requirements part 11 : Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) and physical layer (PHY) specifications amendment 6, 2010.
M. Hadded, P. Muhlethaler, A. Laouiti, R. Zagrouba, and L. A. Saidane. Tdma-based mac protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks a survey, qualitative analysis and open research issues. IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, 17(4): 2461–2492, 2015.
M. Hadded, A. Laouiti, P. Muhlethaler, and L. A. Saidan. TDMA aware Routing Protocol for Multi-hop Communications in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 1–6, San Francisco, USA, 2017.
M. Hadded, A. Laouiti, P. Muhlethaler, and L. A. Saidane. An infrastructure-free slot assignment algorithm for reliable broadcast of periodic messages in vehicular ad hoc networks. IEEE 84th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 1–7, Montreal, Canada, 2016.
M. Hadded, P. Muhlethaler, and A. Laouiti. Performance evaluation of a TDMA-based multi-hop communication scheme for reliable delivery of warning messages in vehicular networks. 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 1029–1034, 2017.
R. Uzcategui and G. Acosta-Marum. Wave: A tutorial. IEEE Communications Magazine, 47(5):126–133, May 2009.
A. Aboud, H. Touati and B. Hnich. Efficient forwarding strategy in a NDN-based Internet of Things. Cluster Computing, 22:805–818, 2019.
M. Hadded, P. Muhlethaler, A. Laouiti, and L. Saidane. A Novel Angle-based Clustering Algorithm for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Singapore:Springer, 27–38, 2017.
F. Karnadi, Z. Mo, and K. chan Lan. Rapid generation of realistic mobility models for VANET. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2506–2511, Hong Kong, China, 2007.
S. Ucar, S. C. Ergen and O. Ozkasap. Multihop-Cluster-Based IEEE 802.11p and LTE Hybrid Architecture for VANET Safety Message Dissemination. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65(4):2621–2636, 2016.
K.N. Tripathi and S.C. Sharma. A trust based model (TBM) to detect rogue nodes in vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETS). International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 11(2):426–440, 2020.
S. Gurung and S. Chauhan. A dynamic threshold based approach for mitigating black-hole attack in MANET. Wireless Networks24, 2957–2971, 2017
B. Sen, M. G. Meitei, K. Sharma, M. K. Ghose, and S. Sinha. Mitigating black hole attacks in MANETs using a trust-based threshold mechanism. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 13(7):5458–5463, 2018
A. K. Ahmed, M. N. Abdulwahed and B. Farzaneh. A distributed trust mechanism for malicious behaviors in VANETs. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 19(3):1147–1155, 2020.
M. J. Sataraddi and M. S. Kakkasageri. Trust and Delay based Routing for VANETs. IEEE International Conference on Advanced Networks and Telecommunications Systems (ANTS), 1–6, GOA, India, 2019.
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Cyber Security and Mobility
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.