Lightweight and Secure Authentication Model for Vehicle to Everything (V2X) Communication Based on 5G Networks
Keywords:ITS, security, V2X, 5G, AVISPA
Integrating the cellular network infrastructure into Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) received attention from the research community and standards groups. This technology allows the invention and development of new applications, as well as the development of new vehicle mobility solutions and the enhancement of driver mobility in terms of safety, reliability, capacity, and quality. Cellular communications networks such as LTE-V2X and 5G NR, integrated into the Vehicle to Everything (V2X) architecture designed to support vehicular communications and deployed on a large scale, appear in particular to be a relevant solution. They could indeed guarantee reliable geographic distribution and acceptable performance (latency, bandwidth, packet loss). In this context, we propose a secure authentication scheme for 5G-based V2X communication. To achieve security requirements, our approach aims to provide a high degree of security in different vehicular communication (V2V, V2I, V2N) by using lightweight cryptographic algorithms in order to safely receive all keys and messages from RSU, vehicles, and the network. To validate our approach, we use the Automated Validation of Internet Security Protocols and Applications (AVISPA) tool to achieve the security goals, also evaluate the performance according to the operational cost which demonstrates that our model has a less computational cost.
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