Lightweight and Secure Authentication Model for Vehicle to Everything (V2X) Communication Based on 5G Networks

Authors

  • Meriem Houmer Higher school of technologies, Ibn Zohr University, Dakhla, Morocco https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0083-9319
  • Safaa Laqtib Informatics and Applications Laboratory (IA), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Siham Eddamiri Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University Moulay Ismail, ENSAM, Meknes, Morocco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/jmm1550-4646.1854

Keywords:

ITS, security, V2X, 5G, AVISPA

Abstract

Integrating the cellular network infrastructure into Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) received attention from the research community and standards groups. This technology allows the invention and development of new applications, as well as the development of new vehicle mobility solutions and the enhancement of driver mobility in terms of safety, reliability, capacity, and quality. Cellular communications networks such as LTE-V2X and 5G NR, integrated into the Vehicle to Everything (V2X) architecture designed to support vehicular communications and deployed on a large scale, appear in particular to be a relevant solution. They could indeed guarantee reliable geographic distribution and acceptable performance (latency, bandwidth, packet loss). In this context, we propose a secure authentication scheme for 5G-based V2X communication. To achieve security requirements, our approach aims to provide a high degree of security in different vehicular communication (V2V, V2I, V2N) by using lightweight cryptographic algorithms in order to safely receive all keys and messages from RSU, vehicles, and the network. To validate our approach, we use the Automated Validation of Internet Security Protocols and Applications (AVISPA) tool to achieve the security goals, also evaluate the performance according to the operational cost which demonstrates that our model has a less computational cost.

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Author Biographies

Meriem Houmer, Higher school of technologies, Ibn Zohr University, Dakhla, Morocco

Meriem Houmer received the bachelor’s degree in System and networks from Chouaib Doukkali University in 2013, the master’s degree in information system, network and multimedia from Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in 2015, and the philosophy of doctorate degree in computer science and networks from Moulay Ismail University in 2021, respectively. She is currently working as an Assistant Professor at Higher school of technologies, Ibn Zohr University, Dakhla, Morocco. Her research areas include routing protocols and security in vehicular ad hoc and 5G networks.

Safaa Laqtib, Informatics and Applications Laboratory (IA), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

Safaa Laqtib received a Master’s degree in multimedia and decision-making computer systems from the Faculty of Science Dhar El Mahraz FSDM, in 2013 and 2015, respectively. Currently, she obtained a doctorate in Computer Science from the Faculty of Science Meknes. Her current research interests include mobile ad hoc networks, deep learning, machine learning, and wireless sensor networks, vehicular ad hoc networks, Cybersecurity of mobile ad hoc networks.

Siham Eddamiri, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University Moulay Ismail, ENSAM, Meknes, Morocco

Siham Eddamiri is a Researcher Associate in Computer Science at the National Higher School of Arts and Crafts (ENSAM), Moulay Ismail University (UMI), Meknes, Morocco. She is a member of the research Laboratory LM2I funded by the Industrial Engineering and Productivity Department (ENSAM). Her research focus is on the domain of white-box machine learning for critical domains and (semantic) knowledge models. Other research interests are bio-inspired algorithms and extracted knowledge from the RDF dataset in general.

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Biographies

Published

2022-04-04

Issue

Section

5G and a Vision of 6G