Interoperability Issues and Challenges in 6G Networks


  • Shubhangi Kharche Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, SIES Graduate School of Technology, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • Prajakta Dere Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra



Interoperability, 6G, Internet of Thinking (IoTk), heterogeneous, Wearable Internet of Things (WIoT)


Interoperability allows seamless data exchange among the heterogeneous networks and is a crucial problem for the growth of forthcoming 6G networks. The research has focussed on the interoperability issues in the Internet of Things (IoT) related to cross-domain and cross-platform applications. However, the future 6G communication networks are not limited to interoperating with IoT. The 6G networks must interoperate with the Wearable IoT (WIoT), brain abstracted Internet of Thinking (IoTk), Internet of Everything, and other space and undersea networks. The network softwarization, slicing, and intelligentization techniques are envisioned to support seamless data exchange between 6G and other heterogeneous networks. However, to successfully achieve the goal of global 360∘∘ connectivity in 3D space, interoperability issues with heterogeneous services, applications, protocols, networks, etc., must be solved. The integration and interoperability of 6G networks with all aforementioned heterogeneous networks are inevitable to realize the goals of 3D communication successfully. The paper proposes a taxonomy to provide deep insights into interoperability issues, challenges, and possible solutions for 6G interoperability with WIoT, IoTk, IoE, and other networks. Though the techniques mentioned above in 6G networks will allow interoperable solutions, the integration and interoperability issues persist due to heterogeneities in high-frequency bands, base stations, technologies, device identities, protocols, and interfaces. The paper summarizes significant challenges regarding interoperability issues in various areas related to 6G and highlights the broad scope to further research.


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Author Biographies

Shubhangi Kharche, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, SIES Graduate School of Technology, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

Shubhangi Kharche pursued a Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering from Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad, and a Master of Engineering in Electronics from Jawaharlal Nehru College of Engineering, Aurangabad, in 1999 and 2004 respectively from Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Aurangabad. In 2020, she pursued her Ph.D. from SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai. She has more than two decades of experience in academics and research. She has published more than 25 research papers in reputed conferences and Journals. She received the best paper award at IEEE ANTS Women in Engineering (WIE) conference, held at IISc Bangalore in 2016. She also received Women Researcher Award under International Scientist Awards on Engineering, Science, and Medicine at Coimbatore, India, in September 2021. Her research interest includes Computer Communication Networks, Mobile Cellular Networks, Wireless Sensor Networks, IPv6 Over Low Power Wireless Personal Area Networks, and Artificial Intelligence and Data analytics.

Prajakta Dere, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

Prajakta Dere pursued a Bachelor of Engineering from the University of Amravati, Amravati, in 1992 and a Master of Engineering from Shivaji University in 2006. She has pursued Ph.D. from Nagpur University in 2021 and currently working as Assistant Professor in Department of Electronics and Communication, Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology, Navi Mumbai since 2007. Her main research work focuses on Image processing and Network-on-chip. She has 16 years of teaching experience and five years of research and development experience in the industry.


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How to Cite

Kharche, S. ., & Dere, P. . (2022). Interoperability Issues and Challenges in 6G Networks. Journal of Mobile Multimedia, 18(05), 1445–1470.



5G and a Vision of 6G