A Novel Design of FANET Routing Protocol Aided 5G Communication Using IoT

Authors

  • Inam Ullah Khan Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus
  • Asrin Abdollahi Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5050-7027
  • Abdul Jamil National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Peshawar Campus, Pakistan
  • Bisma Baig Department of Software Engineering/COMSATS University, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Adnan Aziz Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus
  • Fazal Subhan Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0285-5240

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13052/jmm1550-4646.1851

Keywords:

IoT, FANETs, 5G, MANETs, WSN.

Abstract

Flying-Thing is a new promising area, while in last few years Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are emerged. UAVs are very efficient in completing tasks also organizing ad hoc behaviour of networks, thus making flying ad hoc networks. The formation of aerial nodes is not feasible until we use Mobility models for communication between UAV’s. Mobile ad hoc networks & wireless sensor networks are mostly static in behaviour but UAVs are dynamic and deployed in sky using mobility models. In flying ad hoc networks effective communication can be made possible using 5G networks while designing routing protocols. In this paper a comprehensive study is formally introduced covering routing protocols used in flying ad hoc networks, mobility models, heuristic computations, architecture and optimization techniques for improving parameters in flying ad hoc networks. This paper reflects and explains future challenges and help scientists, Researchers to discover more research gaps that have been discussed in the literature and need more investigation. Also, different applications of flying things can be used in IoT based forestry which includes forest mapping, management where optimal results can be obtained. The uniqueness of this research study is to provide heuristic computational algorithm called AntHocNet, Mobility models, drawbacks of traditional technologies, flying-things architecture will be the core interest of this research study.

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Author Biographies

Inam Ullah Khan, Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus

Inam Ullah Khan is the faculty member at department of computer science, SZABIST, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. Also, he is the Founder of Internet of Flying Vehicles-Lab at AI-EYS and was a Lecturer at different universities in Pakistan which include Center for Emerging Sciences Engineering & Technology (CESET), Islamabad, Abdul Wali Khan University, Garden, Timergara Campus and University of Swat. Recently, he is selected as a visiting researcher at king’s college London, Uk. He completed his Ph.D. in Electronics Engineering from Department of Electronic Engineering, Isra University, Islamabad Campus, School of Engineering & Applied Sciences (SEAS). Also, he did his M.S. degree in Electronic Engineering at Department of Electronic Engineering, Isra University, Islamabad Campus, School of Engineering & Applied Sciences (SEAS). He had done undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Computer Science from Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan.Apart from that his Master’s thesis is published as a book on topic “Route Optimization with Ant Colony Optimization (ACO)” in Germany which is avaliable on Amazon.He is a research scholar; he has published some research papers at international level. More interestingly he recently introduced a novel routing protocol E-ANTHOCNET in the area of flying ad hoc networks. His research interest includes Network System Security, Intrusion Detection, Intrusion Prevention, cryptography, Optimization techniques, WSN, IoT, Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETS), Flying Ad Hoc Networks, and Machine Learning. He has served international conferences as Technical program committee member which include, EAI International Conference on Future Intelligent Vehicular Technologies, Islamabad, Pakistan and 2nd International Conference on Future Networks and Distributed Systems, Amman, Jordan, June 26–27, 2018, International Workshop on Computational Intelligence and Cybersecurity in Emergent Networks (CICEN’21) that will be held in conjunction with the 12th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies (EUSPN 2021) which is co-organized in November 1–4, 2021, Leuven, Belgium. Also, he was technical program committee member at international workshop on intelligent systems for sustainable smart cities, New Delhi, India, February 19–20, 2022. In addition, he served his first book as editor on title: “Computational Intelligence for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Communication Networks”: Studies in Computational Intelligence at Springer. While, he is currently editing his 2nd book as editor on title: big data Analytics and Computational Intelligence for Cyber Security. In 2022, his third book as editor is accepted on topic “Machine Intelligence for Internet of Medical Things: Applications and Future Trends” at Bentham Science Publisher LTD.

Asrin Abdollahi, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Iran

Asrin Abdollahi is the founder of AI-EYS. She received the bachelor degree in Electrical Engineering from Urmia University, Iran, and the Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Iran. Recently she is working as Founder/member at Communication Technologies-LAB. She has published some research articles at international level. Her research interests include network system security, intrusion detection System, intrusion prevention, machine learning, wireless sensor networks, internet of things, and flying ad hoc networks (FANETS).

Abdul Jamil, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Peshawar Campus, Pakistan

Abdul Jamil is a final year student of BS Electrical Engineering at the National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences. He is one of “Microsoft Learn Student Ambassadors”. He is also selected as “Google Developer Student Club Lead” for his university by Google for session 2021–2022. He has been continuously contributing to the open-source as well and was selected as GitHub Campus Expert by “GitHub”. His research interest areas are Cloud Computing, Internet of Things, Communication Technologies, Flying Ad hoc Networks, and Machine Learning.

Bisma Baig, Department of Software Engineering/COMSATS University, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan

Bisma Baig is the member of AI-EYS-LAB. She basically belongs from Sultanabad Gilgit. She is a final year student of BS Software Engineering from COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus. She is a writer and worked with different international and multi-national companies like Oxford Creative Hub, Google and OPTEC International on different professions. Apart from that some of her research work is accepted in international journals and springer books. Her research interest includes Internet of things (IoT), Flying Ad Hoc Networks and Machine Learning.

Muhammad Adnan Aziz, Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus

Muhammad Adnan Aziz received the B.S. degree in computer sciences from A.I.O.U., Islamabad, Pakistan, in 2002, the M.S. Degree in electronic engineering from Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, in 2008, and the Ph.D. Degree in electronic engineering from Isra University, Islamabad, in 2007. He has been working as an Associate Professor at Isra University, Islamabad Campus, since 2009. His research interests include soft computing, power optimization, and signal-processing.

Fazal Subhan, Department of Electronic Engineering School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Isra University, Islamabad campus

Fazal Subhan received the MSc degree in electronics from the department of electronic engineering, School of Engineering and applied sciences (SEAS), Isra University Islamabad Campus, Pakistan in 2014. Where he is currently pursuing the PhD degree, and the MS degree in Electronic Engineering from the department of electronic engineering, faculty of engineering and technology, international Islamic university Islamabad, Pakistan in 2017. His research interest includes optimization techniques, control system, power electronics, and boundary value problems.

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Published

2022-04-04

Issue

Section

5G and a Vision of 6G