An Overview of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) and Its Applications

Keywords: Intelligent transport system (ITS), international telecommunications union (ITU), road traffic, information and communication technology (ICT), world radio conference (WRC), radio spectrum, 3GPP, IEEE, 5 G


Since last decades world, predominantly urban areas, is experiencing huge voluminous road traffic growth, resulting in heavy congestion, air pollution, accidents, and poor efficiency.  Many people every day are the victims of this poor management of tremendous traffic. Since many years, there had been some automation in managing the traffic namely Electronic Toll Collection (ETC), Electronic parking payment, normal traffic information etc. However, there are little efforts for making the system more advanced. Recently, several kinds of research are being launched by many countries to develop Intelligent Transport System (ITS), with the objectives to minimize congestion, ensure better safety, reduce air pollution etc. ITS are planned to establish robust communication between vehicle to vehicle (V2V), vehicle to pedestrian (V2P), vehicle to infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle to network (V2N). Initially, for communication links ITS, deploys Wi-Fi network, but because of limited capacity and huge requirement, some links use 5.8 GHz radio frequency for such purposes. IEEE, International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and other advanced research organisations are studying 700 MHz band and mm frequency bands for advanced ITS. ITS is poised to use Information & Communication Technology (ICT) networks for such purposes. ITU has established Study Groups/study questions for addressing ITS issues. The World Radio Conference (WRC-2019) has made a Recommendation 208 regarding harmonization of frequency bands for ITS applications. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of ITS, its applications and analysis etc. The radio frequency spectrum aspects and role of 5 G in ITS are also described in detail.  


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Author Biographies

Purnendu S M Tripathi, Ministry of Communications, Government of India, New Delhi, India

P. S. M. Tripathi is currently Deputy Wireless Adviser in in Wireless Planning & Coordination (WPC) Wing of Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, Government of India. Presently, he has been posted at Regional Licensing Officer, Guwahati. Earlier, he was associated with radio spectrum management and planning and engineering activities for telecom services in India especially for telecom services in 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz bands and also associated with spectrum auction held in India since 2010 onwards. He has more than 20 years of experience in management, strategy in Radio Spectrum Management and Radio Spectrum Monitoring Sector including implementation of a very prestigious World Bank Assisted Project on “National Radio Spectrum Management and Monitoring System (NRSMMS)” in the WPC Wing.

He was graduated from M M M Technical University, Gorakhpur (India). He worked as Research fellow at Center for Tele-infrastructure (CTIF), Italy, Department of Electronics, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. He was selected in the year 2010 under Erasmus Mundus “Mobility for Life” scholarship programme of European Commission for doing Ph.D. at Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, Denmark. The Degree of Doctor of Philosophy has been awarded in the 2014.

Ambuj Kumar, Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Ambuj Kumar has hands-on experience of more than 20 years in Telecom Industry and Academia. He received Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in Electronics & Communications Engineering (ECE) from Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Ranchi, India in the year 2000. As a part of the Bachelor programme, he underwent an extensive Internship Training in 1999 at the Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik (IHF), Technical University, (RWTH), Aachen (Germany). After graduation, Ambuj Kumar worked at Lucent Technologies Hindustan Private Limited, a vendor company, during the period 200–2004. His major responsibilities were the Mobile Radio Network Design, Macro and Microcell planning, and Optimization for the GSM-and the CDMA-based Mobile Communication Networks. There, he was involved in pan-India planning and optimizing the MCNs of various service providers for both the green field and the incumbent deployments. During the period 2004 to 2007, he worked with Hutchison Mobile Services Limited (now Vodafone-Idea Limited), a service provider company, where he was involved in planning, deployment, and optimization of the Hutch’s rapidly expanding GSM-and Edge networks across India. Afterwards, he joined Alcatel-Lucent, New Delhi in 2007 and continued until 2009. He worked for three months in the year 2009 as Research Associate at the Centre for TeleInFrastruktur (CTIF), Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, and his research area was on ‘Identification of Optimization parameters for Routing in Cognitive Radio’. Ambuj Kumar was awarded research scholarship under European Commission -Erasmus Mundus “Mobility for Life” programme for doing PhD and joined CTIF, Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, Aalborg, (Denmark), in the year 2010. Ambuj Kumar has also worked as a Collaborative Researcher at the Vihaan Networks Limited (VNL), India. The work of PhD research was conceptualized at VNL; there he developed test-bed facilities for experimental studies on ‘Advanced Alternative Networks’. He had worked as Research Assistant in the eWall Project, funded by the European Commission, at the Faculty of Science and Engineering (Department of Electronic Systems) during 2015-2016. He was awarded Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in 2016 by the Aalborg University (Denmark) on his thesis titled “ACTIVE PROBING FEEDBACK BASED SELF CONFIGURABLE INTELLIGENT DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA SYSTEM for Relative and Intuitive Coverage and Capacity Predictions for Proactive Spectrum Sensing and Management”. Currently, Dr. Ambuj Kumar is working as PostDoc in the Department of Business Development and Technology, School of Business & Social Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark) since February, 2017. Currently, he is playing a key role in three European projects. He is a key person in EU’s project titled “Capacity building and ExchaNge towards attaining Technological Research and modernizing Academic Learning (CENTRAL)”. He has more than 30 research publications including four book chapters in these thematic areas. As the first author, he has contributed more than 12 research papers, including journals such as Wireless Personal Communications (WPC), and International Telecommunication Union (ITU), scientific magazines such as IEEE AESS, and conferences such as Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications (WPMC), Global Wireless Summit (GWS), and in Wireless World Research Forum (WWRF). He is reviewer of several journals, conferences, and scientific publishers, namely Wireless Personal Communications, IEEE Communications Magazine, IEEE AESS, CONASENSE, River Publishers, Mesford publishers, Global Wireless Summit (GWS), Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications. His research interests are radio wave propagation, cognitive radio, visible light communications, radio resource management, drones, IoT, AI, distribute antenna systems, and business innovation modeling etc.

Ashok Chandra, (Former) Wireless Adviser to the Government of India, New Delhi, India,

Dr. Ashok Chandra, is PhD in Electronics and Doctorate of Science (D.Sc.) in Radio Mobile Communications. He joined Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India in 1977. He has worked as Guest Scientist on DAAD Fellowship at the Institute of High Frequency Technology, Technical University (RWTH), Aachen, Germany and at Bremen University, Bremen (Germany), where he undertook a series of research studies in the area of radio mobile communications. Dr. Ashok Chandra is having Technical Experience of over 35 years in the field of Radio Communications/Radio Spectrum Management including about 7 years of experience dealing with Institutes of Higher Learning in Technical Education. He has contributions of over 30 research papers at various International Conferences/Journals in the areas of EMI, Radio Propagation etc. He had played a key role in the establishment of new Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institute of Management and Indian Institutes of Information Technology. Dr. Chandra was instrumental in the implementation of Government of India’s “Technology Development Mission” scheme. Dr. Chandra is registered with ITU as an Expert on “Radio Spectrum Management”.

He had visited various technical Institutions and Universities abroad and took several lectures in the area of radio mobile communications. He has chaired various Technical Sessions at the International Conferences on Wireless Communications.

During his tenure as the Wireless Adviser, he had played a key role in preparing necessary documents for the auction of radio spectrum for 3 G and BWA applications in the year 2010. This spectrum auction, is one of the most successful spectrum auctions in the world. Further, he was also involved in finalization of modalities of auction, coordination with other Ministries including release of spectrum for 2G, 3G & BWA etc.

Dr. Chandra superannuated from the post of Wireless Adviser to the Government of India. In his responsibility as Wireless Adviser, he was associated with spectrum management activities, including in spectrum planning and engineering, frequency assignment, frequency coordination, spectrum monitoring, policy regarding regulatory affairs for new technologies and related research & development activities, etc. He was Project Director of a prestigious World Bank Project on “National Radio Spectrum Management and Monitoring System (NRSMMS)”.

He served as a Vice-Chairman, Study Group 5 of International Telecommunications Union (ITU)-Radio Sector. He has represented India to a large number of ITU meetings including World Radio Conferences (WRC). He served as Councillor from Indian Administration in the ITU Council.

Dr. Chandra was Adjunct Professor for three years from February 2013 at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay. He was TPC Executive Chair of Global Wireless Summit (GWS) 2015. Dr. Chandra was Guest Professor at the National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Nagpur (India). He had organized several ‘Short-term Training Programmes on Radio Spectrum Management’.


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