Detection of Cotton Plant Diseases Using Deep Transfer Learning
Keywords:Xception, ResNet, ImageNet, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Deep CNN.
Agriculture is a vital part of every country’s economy, and India is regarded an agro-based nation. One of the main purposes of agriculture is to yield healthy crops without any disease. Cotton is a significant crop in India in relation to income. India is the world’s largest producer of cotton. Cotton crops are affected when leaves fall off early or become afflicted with diseases. Farmers and planting experts, on the other hand, have faced numerous concerns and ongoing agricultural obstacles for millennia, including much cotton disease. Because severe cotton disease can result in no grain harvest, a rapid, efficient, less expensive and reliable approach for detecting cotton illnesses is widely wanted in the agricultural information area. Deep learning method is used to solve the issue because it will perform exceptionally well in image processing and classification problems. The network was built using a combination of the benefits of both the ResNet pre-trained on ImageNet and the Xception component, and this technique outperforms other state-of-the-art techniques. Every convolution layer with in dense block is tiny, so each convolution kernel is still in charge of learning the tiniest details. The deep convolution neural networks for the detection of plant leaf diseases contemplate utilising a pre-trained model acquired from usual enormous datasets, and then applying it to a specific task educated with their own data. The experimental results show that for ResNet-50, a training accuracy of 0.95 and validation accuracy of 0.98 is obtained whereas training loss of 0.33 and validation loss of 0.5.
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