DISTRIBUTED COORDINATION PROTOCOLS TO REALIZE SCALABLE MULTIMEDIA STREAMING IN PEER-TO-PEER OVERLAY NETWORKS
Keywords:Multimedia Streaming, Multi-source Streaming, Quality of Service, Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Network, Flooding-based Coordination
Multimedia contents are distributed to peers in various ways in peer-to-peer (P2P) overlay networks. A peer which holds a content, even a part of a content can provide other peers with the content. Multimedia streaming is more significant in multimedia applications than downloading ways in Internet applications. We discuss how to support peers with multimedia streaming service by using multiple contents peers. In our distributed multi-source streaming model, a collection of multiple contents peers in parallel transmit packets of a multimedia content to a requesting leaf peer to realize the reliability and scalability without any centralized controller. Even if some peer stops by fault and is degraded in performance and packets are lost and delayed in networks, a requesting leaf peer receives every data of a content at the required rate. We discuss a pair of flooding-based protocols, distributed and treebased coordination protocols DCoP and TCoP, to synchronize multiple contents peers to reliably and efficiently deliver packets to a requesting peer. A peer can be redundantly selected by multiple peers in DCoP but it taken by at most one peer in TCoP. We evaluate the coordination protocols DCoP and TCoP in terms of how long it takes and how many messages are transmitted to synchronize multiple contents peers.