State-of-the-Art of Artificial Intelligence

  • Ramjee Prasad CITF Global Capsule, Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herring, Denmark
  • Purva Choudhary CITF Global Capsule, Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herring, Denmark
Keywords: Turing machine, Turing test, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, expert systems, machine learning, deep learning, Gartner Hype Cycle


Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a technology has existed for less than a century. In spite of this, it has managed to achieve great strides. The rapid progress made in this field has aroused the curiosity of many technologists around the globe and many companies across various domains are curious to explore its potential. For a field that has achieved so much in such a short duration, it is imperative that people who aim to work in Artificial Intelligence, study its origins, recent developments, and future possibilities of expansion to gain a better insight into the field. This paper encapsulates the notable progress made in Artificial Intelligence starting from its conceptualization to its current state and future possibilities, in various fields. It covers concepts like a Turing machine, Turing test, historical developments in Artificial Intelligence, expert systems, big data, robotics, current developments in Artificial Intelligence across various fields, and future possibilities of exploration.


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Author Biographies

Ramjee Prasad, CITF Global Capsule, Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herring, Denmark

Ramjee Prasad, Fellow IEEE, IET, IETE, and WWRF, is a Professor of Future Technologies for Business Ecosystem Innovation (FT4BI) in the Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herning, Denmark. He is the Founder President of the CTIF Global Capsule (CGC). He is also the Founder Chairman of the Global ICT Standardization Forum for India, established in 2009. He has been honored by the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Italy as a Distinguished Professor of the Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine on March 15, 2016. He is an Honorary Professor of the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. He has received Ridderkorset of Dannebrogordenen (Knight of the Dannebrog) in 2010 from the Danish Queen for the internationalization of top-class telecommunication research and education. He has received several international awards such as IEEE Communications Society Wireless Communications Technical Committee Recognition Award in 2003 for making contribution in the field of “Personal, Wireless and Mobile Systems and Networks”, Telenor’s Research Award in 2005 for impressive merits, both academic and organizational within the field of wireless and personal communication, 2014 IEEE AESS Outstanding Organizational Leadership Award for: “Organizational Leadership in developing and globalizing the CTIF (Center for TeleInFrastruktur) Research Network”, and so on. He has been the Project Coordinator of several EC projects namely, MAGNET, MAGNET Beyond, eWALL. He has published more than 50 books, 1000 plus journal and conference publications, more than 15 patents, over 140 Ph.D. Graduates and a larger number of Masters (over 250). Several of his students are today worldwide telecommunication leaders themselves.

Purva Choudhary, CITF Global Capsule, Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herring, Denmark

Purva Choudhary worked recently under Prof. Dr. Ramjee Prasad as Guest Researcher at Aarhus University, Denmark. She is a consistently meritorious Electronics and Telecommunication Graduate Engineer from Cummins College of Engineering for Women, University of Pune, India. She has bagged an Indian Patent during her bachelor’s degree. She worked at Accenture Solutions Private Limited, for one and a half years and is currently pursuing M. S. in Computer Science at California State University, Northridge, California, US.

Besides academics, Ms. Purva Choudhary was also very active in extra-curricular activities. During her bachelor’s degree, she worked as Vice Chairman (Editor) for her college magazine, along with working extensively for the National Service Scheme (NSS). Currently, she is an active member of Toastmasters International.


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