Spectrum Sharing and Dynamic Spectrum Management Techniques in 5G and Beyond Networks: A Survey


  • Nidhi Aarhus University, Denmark https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5861-9752
  • Albena Mihovska Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Ramjee Prasad Aarhus University, Denmark




Spectrum, Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM), Spectrum Sharing, Machine Learning, Spectral Efficiency, Spectrum Allocation.


Advancing technologies and bandwidth-hungry applications have increased mobile data traffic in the radio spectrum. Utilizing spectrum is one of the indispensable performance metric seconded by techniques to increase the bandwidth. Spectrum efficient techniques have always been a part of all the generations of wireless communication. It has considered being of utmost criticality with 5G networks. The spectrum sharing and management demand contributions from technical research groups as well as regulatory bodies. Recently, many technologies proved their potentials to invoke efficient spectrum utilization. Different approaches have been considered including cognitive radio, machine learning for dynamic spectrum management, spectrum sharing, spectrum harmonization, spectrum identification strategies, etc. Efficient technology is very important in order to have high spectral as well as energy efficiency. It is also important from a cost-efficiency perspective. Therefore, this paper presents an overview of the various spectrum sharing and management aspects. This comparative study is motivated to provide a clear picture to design a spectrum efficient system for 5G and beyond the network.


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Author Biographies

Nidhi, Aarhus University, Denmark

Nidhi is a Ph.D. student at the Aarhus University in the Department of Business Development and Technology at Herning, Denmark. She is an Early-Stage Researcher in the project TeamUp5G, a European Training Network in the frame of (MSCA ITN) of the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 framework. Nidhi received her Bachelor’s degree in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering in 2013. She attended the Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra -– India, where she received her Masters’ degree in Electronics and Communication (Wireless Communication) in 2015. She worked with CTIF India (2015–2017) as Full-time Researcher. She worked with MNCs during 2017–2019 as Senior Communication Engineer. Her Ph.D. work focusses on achieving high spectral efficiency with 6G Networks.

Albena Mihovska, Aarhus University, Denmark

Albena Mihovska is Associate Professor at the Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Denmark. She has been with the Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University since February 2017. She received her PhD in Mobile wireless communications, Aalborg University, Denmark. Albena Mihovska is currently teaching a 1st-semester course in the B.Sc. and GMM programs and is a supervisor of TS and master projects the Cand. Polyt program.

Ramjee Prasad, Aarhus University, Denmark

Ramjee Prasad, Fellow IEEE, IET, IETE, and WWRF, is a Professor of Future Technologies for Business Ecosystem Innovation (FT4BI) in the Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Herning, Denmark. He is the Founder President of the CTIF Global Capsule (CGC). He is also the Founder Chairman of the Global ICT Standardization Forum for India, established in 2009. He has been honored by the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Italy as a Distinguished Professor of the Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine on March 15, 2016. He is Honorary Professor of University of Cape Town, South Africa, and University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. He has received Ridderkorset af Dannebrogordenen (Knight of the Dannebrog) in 2010 from the Danish Queen for the internationalization of top-class telecommunication research and education. He has received several international awards such as: IEEE Communications Society Wireless Communications Technical Committee Recognition Award in 2003 for making contribution in the field of “Personal, Wireless and Mobile Systems and Networks”, Telenor’s Research Award in 2005 for impressive merits, both academic and organizational within the field of wireless and personal communication, 2014 IEEE AESS Outstanding Organizational Leadership Award for: “Organizational Leadership in developing and globalizing the CTIF (Center for TeleInFrastruktur) Research Network”, and so on. He has been Project Coordinator of several EC projects namely, MAGNET, MAGNET Beyond, eWALL. He has published more than 50 books, 1000 plus journal and conference publications, more than 15 patents, over 140 PhD Graduates and larger number of Masters (over 250). Several of his students are today worldwide telecommunication leaders themselves.


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How to Cite

Nidhi, Mihovska, A., & Prasad, R. (2021). Spectrum Sharing and Dynamic Spectrum Management Techniques in 5G and Beyond Networks: A Survey. Journal of Mobile Multimedia, 17(1-3), 65–78. https://doi.org/10.13052/jmm1550-4646.17133




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